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PSYB30H3 (540)
Lecture

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1 Page
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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Humanistic theories:
Carl Rogers
Motivational force is The motive to self-actualization, fulfill selves
Abraham Maslow
The motive for self-actualization
Self-actualization tendencies are based on more basic needs
The basic needs are psychological equilibrium, safety and secur ity, belonging and love, self-esteem
Centre idea in humanistic view
Intrinsically motivated behavior is valued for its own sake
Deci and Ryan self- determination theory
Human beings are naturally endow motivation for new challenge to experience organism
Self-determined, intrinsically motivated behaviors often meet this basic need for autonomy, competence and
interpersonal relatedness
Other theor ies:
Mur ray
Motivational theor y
20 psychogeni c needs direct behavior, together with environmental forces
TAT, thematic apperception test, arbitrary picture cueswrite or tell story
PSE, the research version of TAT, picture story exercise, focus on the need for achievement, power, intimacy
Achievement motive
Recur rent preference or readiness for experiences of doing well and being successful
High on PSE achievement motivation show high eff iciency on goal-direct behavior, high achievement
aspiration, high self control, delay of gra tification, moderate risk t aking
The society’s motivational achievement can be estimated by folktales, children readers, popular literature
David Mcclelland
A society’s achievement motivation is associated with economic growth
Power motive
Recur rent preference or readiness for experiences of having impact and feeling strong
PSE, high on power motive show both high agg ression and leadership, active and forceful in small groups,
accumulate prestige possessions, to be drawn to public office and professions involve directing behavior of
others.
Among men, its related with instability in romantic relation
Intimacy motive
Recur rent preference or readiness for experiences of warm, close, and communicative interactions with others
High on PSE intimacy motive, loving, sensitive, exhibit more eye contact, smile in fr iendly interaction, more
self disclosing and intimate.
Women show more intimacy motive
Other research
Focus on another line, more specific personal goals, called personal strivings or personal projects
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Description
Humanistic theories: Carl Rogers Motivational force is The motive to self-actualization, fulfill selves Abraham Maslow The motive for self-actualization Self-actualization tendencies are based on more basic needs The basic needs are psychological equilibrium, safety and security, belonging and love, self-esteem Centre idea in humanistic view Intrinsically motivated behavior is valued for its own sake Deci and Ryan self- determination theory Human beings are naturally endow motivation for new challenge to experience organism Self-determined, intrinsically motivated behaviors often meet this basic need for autonomy, competence and interpersonal relatedness Other theories: Murray Motivational theory 20 psychogenic needs direct behavior, together with environmental forces TAT, thematic apperception test, arbitrary picture cueswrite or tell story PSE, the research version of TAT, picture story exercise, focus on the need for achievement, power, intimacy Achievement motive Recurrent preference or readiness for experiences of doing well and being successful High on PSE achievement motivation show high efficiency on goal-direct behavior
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