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PSYB30H3 (540)
Lecture

17/18

5 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB30H3
Professor
Marc A Fournier

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Lecture 17 /18 Personality LIFE STORY
McAdams: pioneered the narrative psychology to understand personality
-To truly understand a person we need to understand their life story
Approach to understanding life story:
Agency:
-Concern the self (separation of self and other world)
-Striving for self
-Power or rank is characteristic on agency
Communion:
-Concern for others rather than self
-Formations of connections
-Striving for contact with others
McAdams: Ones life story role of caregiver attachment to have trust or mistrust: early
experiences produces the strength that erikson called hope: the infant has an attitude in
which they acquire to the world: the tone will either be:
-> Optimistic: comedy or romanitic way : happy endings
-> Pessimistic : tragedy and irony:
These are set in the early life believing your wishes will be gained or neglected
Early childhood: children come in contact with the larger society, going to school, and
developing relations that are not directed by parents with a large variety
They can differentiate b/w fam life and school life
Later Childhood Themes: now able to reason story grammar: the internal logic of a story:
beginning middle and end, they can see violations of a story
McAdams argue that all characters are all striving for either:
Agency (mastery)
Communion (union)
Adolescences and Ideological settings
-Ask moral things, what is good and true
-Trying to develop a belief system for themselves
Ideology of justice (belief systems for human rights) the agentic side of human
nature
Ideology of care (value systems that put a toll on responsibility and obligation) the
communal facet
-Time to choose a character for yourself ( Imago) we are the main character in our life
story, a personalized and idealized version of oneself (Imago) Imago includes all
the social roles we hold and cultural value
www.notesolution.com
HIGH AGENCY / LOW COMMUNION
— The Warrior / Ruler
— The Traveler
— The Sage
HIGH AGENCY / HIGH COMMUNION
— The Counselor
— The Teacher
— The Healer
LOW AGENCY / LOW COMMUNION
— The Wage-Earner
— The Escapist
— The Survivor
LOW AGENCY / HIGH COMMUNION
— The Loyal Friend
— The Caregiver
— The Lover
McAdams:
- CREDIBILITYHistorical Fidelity ( cant make something up out of
thin air, need to be who you are ) consistent with facts
COHERENCEInternal Consistency ( is it understandable, do
characters have intelligental motivations, are they acting in
understandable ways, whether story hangs together in a meaning
way)
DIFFERENTIATIONThematic Complexity ( there should be themes
to the story, stories that have more themes are preferred )
RECONCILIATIONResolution of Story Conflicts
OPENNESSFlexibility and Tolerance for Ambiguity find things
more or less successful and since u cant tolerate everything but it
would suggest you to be flexible
INTEGRATIONContribution to the Human Enterprise: needs to
incorporate the challenges
How life story links to personality traits:
-There is a relationship b/w traits and the story
Extraversion ( optimisitic) and N (pestimistic) will relate to the tone (happier or sadder)
Conscientiousness Agentic Themes (separation and mastery)
Agreeableness Communal Themes
Openness Narrative Complexity ( more open and imaginative one is the
more likely to have more complex life story)
Study:
-Positive correlation to openness and complexity with students and adults
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Lecture 17 18 Personality LIFE STORY McAdams: pioneered the narrative psychology to understand personality - To truly understand a person we need to understand their life story Approach to understanding life story: Agency: - Concern the self (separation of self and other world) - Striving for self - Power or rank is characteristic on agency Communion: - Concern for others rather than self - Formations of connections - Striving for contact with others McAdams: Ones life story role of caregiver attachment to have trust or mistrust: early experiences produces the strength that erikson called hope: the infant has an attitude in which they acquire to the world: the tone will either be: -> Optimistic: comedy or romanitic way : happy endings -> Pessimistic : tragedy and irony: These are set in the early life believing your wishes will be gained or neglected Early childhood: children come in contact with the larger society, going to school, and developing relations that are not directed by parents with a large variety They can differentiate bw fam life and school life Later Childhood Themes: now able to reason story grammar: the internal logic of a story: beginning middle and end, they can seeviolations of a story McAdams argue that all characters are all striving for either: Agency (mastery) Communion (union) Adolescencesand Ideological settings - Ask moral things, what is good and true - Trying to develop a belief system for themselves Ideology of justice (belief systems for human rights) the agentic side of human nature Ideology of care (value systems that put a toll on responsibility and obligation) the communal facet - Time to choosea character for yourself ( Imago) we are the main character in our life story, a personalized and idealized version of oneself (Imago) Imago includes all the social roles we hold and cultural value www.notesolution.com
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