PSYB32H3 Lecture 12: lecture 12 Gender Roles.pdf

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Introduction: categorizing males and females, sex-role standards or stereotypes, cross-cultural trends, facts and fictions about sex differences, sex differences that appear to be real, cultural myths. Developmental trends in sex typing: development of gender identity, discrimination of male versus female, development of gender constancy, acquiring gender-role stereotypes, development of gender-typed behavior. Theories of sex-typing and gender role development: the biological approach, the psychoanalytic approach, social learning theory, direct tuition, observational learning, kohlberg"s cognitive-developmental theory, martin & halverson"s gender schema theory. Basic genetic difference underlying gender differences and lead to how parents treat them. There is more to gender then biological heritage. Children must understand gender and include it in idea of self concept- sex-typing - identify with gender identity, the process by which a child acquires these sex-role standards. Sex differences in the socialization of five attributes in 110 non-industrialized (non-western) societies. Percent of societies in which socialization pressures were greater for:

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