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PSYB32H3 (600)
Lecture 1

PSYB32H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Frontal Lobe, Deinstitutionalisation, Mania

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Konstantine Zakzanis

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PSYB32 Lecture 1: Chapter 1: Introduction, Definitional and Historical Considerations
What is Abnormal Psychology?
because the field is continually evolving, it is not possible to offer a simple
definition of abnormality that captures it in its entirety. The characteristics
presented constitute a partial definition, but they are not equally applicable to
every diagnosis” – Davison, Neale, Blankstein, & Flett
Includes various characteristics:
o Statistical Infrequency: it is infrequent to the general population, most lie
within the middle of the curve it is explicitly used in diagnosing mental
o Violation of Norms
o Disability/Dysfunction: impairment in some important area of life because
of an abnormality (i.e. substance abuse, phobia)
o Unexpectedness: distress and disability are considered abnormal when
they are unexpected responses to environmental stressors
Includes various professions:
o Clinical Psychologist/Neuropsychologist: Ph.D, Psy.D
o Psychiatrist and Neurologist: MD can give prescriptions
o Social Worker
o Counseling Psychologist
o Psychiatric Nurse
o Psychotherapist
o Occupational therapist
o Speech language therapist
History of Psychopathology
Psychopathology: the field concerned with the nature and development of
abnormal behaviour, thoughts, and feelings
Demonology: an evil being lives within a person
o Could be treated by an exorcism or trepanning of the skulls
o Witchcraft was suspected if a person was mentally ill persecuted by
Somatogenesis: something is wrong with the soma, or physical body that
disturbs thought and action
o Psychogenesis: in contrast, a disturbance has psychological origins
o Hippocrates classified mental disorders into three categories: mania,
melancholia, phrenitis (brain fever)
Franz Joseph Gall: originator of what later became phrenology (maps of the
brain) said brain related to behaviour
Patients with psychological disorders were abundant in asylums, but were
deemed lunatics, insance, incurable
o Paul Broca observed lunatics in the asylum. In his research he realized
that patients who couldn’t talk, but understood had a lesion in their left
inferior frontal lobe
o Karl Wernicke observed patients who could talk, but couldn’t understand
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