PSYB32 Lecture 6 Notes

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Lecture 6
x Nancy
o After turned 18 was depressed
๎‚ƒ Insomnia (could not sleep no matter what)
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flashing memories
๎‚ƒ Intense phobia of darkness
o After 2 weeks of not having sleep, had suicidal thoughts
o Then 2 weeks later, the thoughts turned into a biological need
o Took 60 sleeping pills
๎‚ƒ Woke up next morning and entire body was paralyzed
o Not able to control everything in her mind
๎‚ƒ Devoid of human feelings
o Anti-depressants began to have side effects
o Jumped off a balcony and paralyzed from waist down
o In sunnybrook hospital, had to take 20 pills everyday
๎‚ƒ After a week, started to sleep again
๎‚ƒ Suicidal thoughts were reduced by a dramatic extent
o Took more than a year to regain sanity
o In 2003 diagnosed with bipolar disorder (wrong diagnosis for
depression)
o Every mental illness can be classified into neurosis or psychosis
๎‚ƒ Neurosis
x Eating disorders etc
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๎‚ƒ Psychotic
x Can tell that they are sick by behaviour
o Bipolar disorder
๎‚ƒ Has strong genetic roots
๎‚ƒ Born bipolar
๎‚ƒ Biochemicals were not balanced (triggered suicidal
thoughts)
x Luc
o Major depression
๎‚ƒ Every morning when wake up
๎‚ƒ Never feels normal without medication
o Has a good life
๎‚ƒ No reason why should be depressed
๎‚ƒ Most ppl think that ppl who are depressed have a bad life
etc.
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o When 6 years old, felt was different from other kids
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out of bed
o When 11, had to take at least one day off of school
o 15 years old
๎‚ƒ Vision of death, suicide
๎‚ƒ Trigger: new city, new school, fed up with travelling
๎‚ƒ Takes a lot of pills in order to commit suicide, but did
nothing to him
o Feels worthless, life not worth anything
๎‚ƒ Even on medication, feels those feeling on a weekly basis
๎‚ƒ 6XLFLGH๎€ƒLV๎€ƒD๎€ƒZD\๎€ƒWR๎€ƒKHOS๎€ƒWKH๎€ƒZRUOG๎€ƒRXWยซZK\๎€ƒEH here to
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o Prescribed Prozac for depression
๎‚ƒ Killed appetite, sex drive, social life (tired all the time)
etc.
๎‚ƒ Made feel mentally better
x Fake better
o Took new medication
๎‚ƒ Woke up feeling normal
o When started medication, lost passion for painting
๎‚ƒ So stopped taking medication
๎‚ƒ If go off medication, in 3 days, come back exactly what
was (because had chronic depression)
๎‚ƒ When stopped medication, started to be suicidal again
o 6RPHRQHยถV๎€ƒLGHQWLW\๎€ƒLV๎€ƒYHU\๎€ƒLPSRUWDQW๎€ƒWR๎€ƒWKHP๎€๎€ƒDnd it changes
when they take medication
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o Stigma
๎‚ƒ Comes from many different areas
๎‚ƒ Embedded in person that has depression (so makes them
not sure if they have depression or not or whether are just
a weak person)
x Cognitive biases that Erin Beck talked about
o Negative schematic
๎‚ƒ Events that happen that shape our personality and they
way we interpret future events
x Fuel interpretation of negative events later in life
x Make up cognitive biases
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o Cognitive biases
๎‚ƒ Arbitrary inference
x Draw conclusions in the absence of evidence
๎‚ƒ Selective abstraction
x Conclusion drawn on the basis of only one of
many elements in a situation
๎‚ƒ Overgeneralization
x Make an overall sweeping conclusion drawn on
the basis of a single trivial event
๎‚ƒ Magnification or minimization
x Exaggerate our evaluations of performance in
either direction
x General Characteristics of Mood disorders
x Mood disorders
๎‚ƒ Disabling distrubances in emotion
๎‚ƒ Often comorbid with panic attacks, substance abuse,
sexual dysfunction, personality disorders.
x Panic attacks are more common in females with a
mood disorder
x Substance abuse more common in males with
mood disorder
x Sexual dysfunction more common in males with
mood disorder
x Personality disorder more common in females with
a mood disorder
x Depression
o Emotional state marked by great sadness and feelings of
worthlessness and guilt
o Symptoms vary across lifespan.
๎‚ƒ Younger individuals: more somatic complaints i.e.
headaches, pain.
๎‚ƒ Elderly: cognitive problems i.e. memory/concentration
x Major depression
o Needs to be 5 symptoms present for a minimum of 2 weeks and
either depressed mood or a loss of interest (anhadonia) and
pleasure must be part of those 5 symptoms
๎‚ƒ If have 10 symptoms for 10 days, then would not be
depressed according to the DSM
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Document Summary

N nancy: after turned 18 was depressed. S insomnia (could not sleep no matter what) S intense phobia of darkness: after 2 weeks of not having sleep, had suicidal thoughts, then 2 weeks later, the thoughts turned into a biological need, took 60 sleeping pills. S woke up next morning and entire body was paralyzed: not able to control everything in her mind. S devoid of human feelings: anti-depressants began to have side effects, jumped off a balcony and paralyzed from waist down, in sunnybrook hospital, had to take 20 pills everyday. S after a week, started to sleep again. S suicidal thoughts were reduced by a dramatic extent: took more than a year to regain sanity, in 2003 diagnosed with bipolar disorder (wrong diagnosis for, every mental illness can be classified into neurosis or psychosis depression) N can tell that they are sick by behaviour: bipolar disorder. S biochemicals were not balanced (triggered suicidal thoughts)

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