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2-3y= children can label themselves as a boy/ girl haven t developed gender constancy- don t understand biological sex is unchanging. 3-5y= children still confused over gender constancy; 5-7y= understand gender is not going to change. 5-7y= conservation skills children understand gender constancy for themselves first, then same-sexed others, finally then for other sex children gender role stereotypes. Biological approach biological factors predispose males/females to adopt gender consistent sex roles genetic and hormonal differences are responsible for sex-linked characteristics one difference: females are heartier, more sensitiveboys= rough, tumble play. Males and females are programmed for activities sex-linked constitutional factors and the environment= the way parents act towards boys vs. girls----interact with the type of behaviour children receive= has to do with parent=child interaction. 1-2y= boys play with trucks; girls play with dolls children refuse to play with cross gender toys. 2y= girls prefer same-sex playmates; 3y= boys prefer same-sex playmates.

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