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Psychology (8,000)
PSYB32H3 (600)
Lecture

PSYB32H3 Lecture Notes - Tabula Rasa, Developmental Psychology, Religious Text


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB32H3
Professor
Mark Schmuckler

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HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY
1. Introduction
Why study developmental psychology
To answer questions like what is this infant
seeing, how is he processing things,
what is he seeing
what is the role of parents in terms of
genetic material they have provided
combined with environment
What is development?
systematic means developmental changes are
ordered and pattern to distinguish between
temporary changes vs real change
is changing hair developmental change or
learning language as a kid
What is the science of development?
Childhood in Medieval times (6-15 centuries)
how did we get here
view of children
e.x they dont have responsibility to vote, are
supposed to have early education, etc
but historically was it same view?
in medieval times children were seen as kids
playing and having fun only, different beings
portrayed in their paintings
14th century actually had books on childcare
directed to parents
religious text showed children as pure and
innocent and close to angels

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children were depicted as need of purification
due to possessed with devil
so two different concepts of children
existed
Childhood in reformation (16century)
original sin and puritians
they were born evil, stubborn and they needed
restraining and cilvilization
harsh child rearing techniques to keep them
from following their natural inclinations
physical punishments were ok during those
times
but at the same time reasoning was used to
teach the kid right from wrong
self reliance was preferred by puritians
more of voluntary from child's side
John Locke and british empricists
rejected concept of innate ideas; original sin
locke concieved child as a blank state; no ideas at
all (tabula rasa)
experience taught kids
moulding by parents was considered
however this view was a head of time
rewards or praise would be more effective vs
physical punishment
two important conceptual points
idea of continuos development
importance of nurture
tabula rasa led to importance of nurture of
env.
child is passive
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