PSYB45H3 Lecture Notes - Beek, Stuttering
This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 2 pages of the document.
Chapter 21 : Habit reve r sal Proc e d u re s
•Habit reversal: used to decrease frequency of undesirable habit behaviours. Habit behaviours often
don’t interfere to any great extent wit h the person’s social functioning; tend to be more annoyance
to the person or significant others.
•Habit disorder: when habit behaviour occurs frequently , the person may seek treatment for the
problem. Causes great distress to the person.
oHabit disorders may cause physical damage (e.g., hair loss, damage to nails or teeth)
oHabit disorders may cause social stigma or embar rassment
oNervous habits: nailbitting, hair-pulli ng
oMotor and vocal tics : head-jerking, facial grimacing
oStuttering: word repetitions, prolongations
•Habit Reversal Procedures: therapy session wit h the client who exhibits the habit disorder.
Client learns to identify when the habit occurs or when it is about to occur.
oCompeting response training
Client learns about a behaviour incompatible with the habit behavi our and
practices the competing response in session after each occurrence of the habit.
Next, the client imagines the situations in which he or she will use the competing
response outside the session to inhabit the habit. Finally, the client is instructed to
use the competing response outside the session whenever the habit occurs or is
about to occur.
Example: For nail biting or hair pulling
Hold a fist down at your side, hand in pocket, hand grasping an object, hands
under your arms
significant others are instructed to prompt the client to use the competing
response when the habit occurs outside the session. Also they are instructed to
You're Reading a Preview
Unlock to view full version