PSYB45H3 Lecture 1: PSYB45 - Lecture 1

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Published on 11 Feb 2017
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Professor
PSYB45 - Lecture 1
LEARNING OBJECTIVES
1. Identify and describe basic principles of behaviour modification
2. Identify and describe basic procedures of behaviour modification
3. Demonstrate understanding of the application of behaviour
modification principles and procedures across different domains and
populations, including the development of effective behavioural
programs
4. Demonstrate a basic understanding of how to deal with behavioural
data in the context of assessment and research
5. Demonstrate understanding of key ethical issues in the domain of
behaviour modification
a. Particular emphasis when facing ethical dilemmas such as who
defines a desirable/problematic behaviour.
WHAT IS BEHAVIOUR
Anything a person says or does
Overt Behaviours: Are visible to others, can be easily observed and
recorded by others
Covert Behaviours: Private, internal, cannot be easily observed by
others (e.g., feelings and thoughts)
Dimensions of behaviour
o Duration
o Frequency
o Intensity or force
In behaviour modification approach, it is important to be precise when
describing behaviours and behavioural problems
o Precession is fundamental
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2
Focus on the behaviours themselves, not labelling the person as the
problem
Behavioural deficits: Too little of a particular type of behaviour
o Study habits
Behavioural excesses: Too much of a particular type of behaviour
o Too much drinking, smoking, eating junk food
WHAT IS BEHAVIOUR MODIFICATION
The most important characteristic of behaviour modification is its
strong emphasis on defining problems in terms of behaviour that can
be measured in some way, and using changes in the behavioural
measure of the problem as the best indicator of the extent to which
the problem is being helped.
There are two key components:
o Measurement: We have to be able to measure the behaviour we
are talking about which connects to precision. We need to find
the behaviour precisely in order to be able to measure it.
o Changes: Observing whether or not the measurements have
changed
Treatment procedures and techniques focus on ways of altering an
individual's current environment to promote better functioning
o Focus on various factors (including the individual's own
behaviours) that are contributing to current problematic
behaviour
o Altering stimuli in the person's environment
Setting up study space in the most helpful way, getting rid
of distractions etc.
Behaviour modification methods and rationales can be described
precisely
Techniques of behaviour modification are often applied by people in
their everyday lives.
Areas of applications in behaviour modification
o New Year's resolutions
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Document Summary

Overt behaviours: are visible to others, can be easily observed and recorded by others. Covert behaviours: private, internal, cannot be easily observed by others (e. g. , feelings and thoughts) Dimensions of behaviour: duration, frequency, intensity or force. In behaviour modification approach, it is important to be precise when describing behaviours and behavioural problems: precession is fundamental. Focus on the behaviours themselves, not labelling the person as the problem. Behavioural deficits: too little of a particular type of behaviour: study habits. Behavioural excesses: too much of a particular type of behaviour: too much drinking, smoking, eating junk food. There are two key components: measurement: we have to be able to measure the behaviour we are talking about which connects to precision. We need to find the behaviour precisely in order to be able to measure it: changes: observing whether or not the measurements have changed. Setting up study space in the most helpful way, getting rid of distractions etc.