PSYB45H3 Lecture Notes - Borderline Personality Disorder, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Anorexia Nervosa

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Last Lecture: Psychopathology and Psychotherapy
Theories of Psychopathology
o What defines psychopathology?
DSM-IV/DSM-S
Abnormally
Impairment and distress
o Psychopathological symptoms
Emotional:
Cognitive: odd belief, delusion
Behavioural: binge, purge, hand washing
Physical: not being able to maintain % body weight, raw hands
Interpersonal: aggressive behaviour
Etiology: study of how they start
o What are some reasons that people end up having a mental disorder?
o Behavioural principles (learning theory) can explain the etiology of many disorders
Specific/Phobia
Panic disorder
Substance/ alcohol use disorders
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Borderline personality disorder
Anorexia nervosa
Maintenance/Course
o Behavioural principles can account for the maintenance of at least some symptoms of
most mental disorders
Specific phobia
o Etiology
Respondent conditioning
Neutral stimulus (bees) + unconditioned stimulus (sting)
unconditioned response (fear/pain)
Conditioned stimulus (bees) conditioned response (fear/anxiety)
o Maintenance
Operant conditioning
Being around bees fear/ anxiety (aversive)
Avoiding bees fear/ anxiety is avoided (negative reinforcement)
Borderline personality disorder (come suicide attempts, impulsive,
o Etiology
Operant conditioning
Only extreme displays of emotion (behaviour) are attended to by
caregivers (positive reinforcement), while lesser displays of emotion are
ignored (kids aren’t attended until it’s a 10)
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Document Summary

Physical: not being able to maintain % body weight, raw hands. Etiology: study of how they start: what are some reasons that people end up having a mental disorder, behavioural principles (learning theory) can explain the etiology of many disorders. Maintenance/course: behavioural principles can account for the maintenance of at least some symptoms of most mental disorders. Neutral stimulus (bees) + unconditioned stimulus (sting) unconditioned response (fear/pain) Conditioned stimulus (bees) conditioned response (fear/anxiety: maintenance. Avoiding bees fear/ anxiety is avoided (negative reinforcement) Borderline personality disorder (come suicide attempts, impulsive: etiology. Only extreme displays of emotion (behaviour) are attended to by caregivers (positive reinforcement), while lesser displays of emotion are ignored (kids aren"t attended until it"s a 10: maintenance. Person gets attention/objectives met (positive reinforcement) when using threats and angry outbursts. Self-harm results in a rush of endorphins (positive reinforcement) and a feeling of calm (negative reinforcement) Have several drinks act more social/feel more confident (positive reinforcement)

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