PSYB45H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Reinforcement Learning, Flight Controller

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1 Oct 2017
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Focusing on strategies that involve manipulation of antecedent stimuli to influence behavior. Contingency of reinforcement: a situation in which behavior will lead to a consequence. Partial rules: do(cid:374)"t ide(cid:374)tify all three aspe(cid:272)ts of a (cid:272)o(cid:374)ti(cid:374)ge(cid:374)(cid:272)y of rei(cid:374)for(cid:272)e(cid:373)e(cid:374)t; (cid:271)ut (cid:272)a(cid:374) still control behavior (ex. consequences can often be implied) Contingency-shaped behavior: behavior that has been strengthened/ weakened due to its immediate consequence in particular setting. Gradually strengthened through trial-and-error based on reinforcement and non- reinforcement. Rule-governed behavior: (cid:271)eha(cid:448)ior that"s (cid:272)o(cid:374)trolled (cid:271)y the state(cid:373)e(cid:374)t of a rule. Often involves delayed consequences and frequently leads to immediate behavior change. Behavior will lead to immediate and severe punishment; trial and error can be costly. Specific vs vague behavior and consequence descriptions. Behavioral sleep therapy: use of rule-governed behavior to help promote healthy sleep habits and address sleep problems. Goals: describe level of performance toward which an individual or group should work.

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