PSYB45H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Mental Disorder, Osama Bin Laden, Noxious Stimulus

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Published on 17 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
PSYC45
Behaviour Modification
Lecture 10
5th April 2013
Final is going to be same as the midterm it is going to have 80-100 questions
Ethics and Future Directions
Motivational Operations
- Motivational opearation either increase or decrease behaviour, it alters effect of a consequence
either punishment or reinforcement
- They can be broken down into two categories
- Can either be estrablishing operation (increases the effectiveness of consequencewhilee
abolishing operation (decreases the effectiveness of consequence)
- These things can change the value of the effect of the behaviour effect
- When we talk about behaviour effect it can either be evocative effect( behaviour occurs more)
or the abative effect (thebehaviour decrecreases)
- In establishing operation the punishement usually becomes more punishing so then the
behaviour goes down, this is an abative effect
- We can also take it through abolishing operation, where it makesthe reinforce less effect and
then the behaviour goes down, therefore it is also a abative effect
- If your punisher is not very effective then the behaviour goes up
- Example: You are really thirsty, and the prof is using a glass of water to make you participate,
this is a establishing operation, and it makes you want to do the behaviour more.
- Example 2: If you are really thirsty, and she brings chips, this is and abolishing operation
because you are thirsty and you don’t want the chips this is evocative effect.
Ethics in Behaviour Modification
- When we talk about ethics there are two types of dilemmas that occur, people might have
disagreements with the goal or they might have disagreements on the method that it is being
used. Even if there is a good goal are we using appropriate methods
- Dilemmas regarding behaviour change goals and behaviour change methods
- What do you think about the use of :
- Torture; many countries use torture in order to get information, United States tortured people
to find out about Osama Bin Laden. Is torture worth it, if you are going to save lots of lives? The
goal is agreeable, that we want to avoid people from dying but the method of torturing is good,
because is that really okay to torture someone. Does torture actually work, those individuals
who are inflicting the torture suffer from psychological disorders. Should psychologists be telling
people the methods to torture? NO
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Document Summary

Final is going to be same as the midterm it is going to have 80-100 questions. Motivational opearation either increase or decrease behaviour, it alters effect of a consequence either punishment or reinforcement. They can be broken down into two categories. Can either be estrablishing operation (increases the effectiveness of consequencewhilee abolishing operation (decreases the effectiveness of consequence) These things can change the value of the effect of the behaviour effect. When we talk about behaviour effect it can either be evocative effect( behaviour occurs more) or the abative effect (thebehaviour decrecreases) In establishing operation the punishement usually becomes more punishing so then the behaviour goes down, this is an abative effect. We can also take it through abolishing operation, where it makesthe reinforce less effect and then the behaviour goes down, therefore it is also a abative effect. If your punisher is not very effective then the behaviour goes up.

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