PSYB45H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Operant Conditioning, Reinforcement

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
Department
Course
Lec6 Feb15
Operant Conditioning
Lecture 6: February 15, 2013
- Positively punishing= adding something aversive to decrease the behavior
- Negatively punish= you remove/get rid of sth desirable to decrease the behavior. Eg.
Refuse to talk to bf if he forgot the V-day. OR burn out his clothes negative
punishment
Review of Operant Principles
Reinforcement
Types of reinforcers
Natural vs. Programmed
Natural Reinforcer: consequence follows naturally from behavior. Brush teethteeth get clean
Programmed Reinforcer: sth extra comes to you, not naturally. Brush teethand you get a dollar.
Unconditioned vs. Conditioned
Unconditioned: you never have to learn it, you naturally know how to do it. From infancy,
automatically reinforcing. Food, water, warmth.
Conditioned: things you have to learn over time, so that they were reinforcing.
Positive Reinforcement
Tangible reinforcer
Consumable ~
Activity ~
Social ~er: in a social interaction: praise
Feedback ~: ppl gives you comments about what you’re wearing, doing
Negative Reinforcement
Escape: bad thing is already happening, trying to do sth to get it to stop
Eg. control ppl cutting themselves negative reinforce
Avoidance: you’re avoiding bad things from happening in the first place
Eg. Kids lie to parentstry to avoid getting punishment for doing sth wrong
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Document Summary

Positively punishing= adding something aversive to decrease the behavior. Negatively punish= you remove/get rid of sth desirable to decrease the behavior. Refuse to talk to bf if he forgot the v-day. Types of reinforcers: natural vs. programmed. Programmed reinforcer: sth extra comes to you, not naturally. Brush teeth and you get a dollar: unconditioned vs. Unconditioned: you never have to learn it, you naturally know how to do it. Conditioned: things you have to learn over time, so that they were reinforcing. Social ~er: in a social interaction: praise. Feedback ~: ppl gives you comments about what you"re wearing, doing. Escape: bad thing is already happening, trying to do sth to get it to stop. Eg. control ppl cutting themselves negative reinforce. Avoidance: you"re avoiding bad things from happening in the first place. Kids lie to parents try to avoid getting punishment for doing sth wrong. Types of punishment: natural vs. programmed, unconditioned vs.

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