PSYB45H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Reinforcement, Gift Card, Operant Conditioning

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Increasing Behaviors through Operant Conditioning
Lecture 7
March 1, 2013
Student Behavior Modification
Target behavior: Asking/answering questions during lecture
Goal/outcome: Increasing class participation
Target behavior: Read chapters and attend/watch lectures
Goal/outcome: Improve study habits
A token economy is a system of behavior modification-based on the systematic
positive reinforcement of target behavior. The reinforcers are symbols or tokens that can be
exchanged for other reinforcers. Token economy is based on the principles of operant
conditioning and can be situated within applied behavior analysis (behaviorism). Token
economies are applied with children and adults.
Review Positive Reinforcers
Examples? Bonus points, get a prize,
Tangible reinforcers: sth you physically got. Like a gift card.
Consumable reinfocers: candy/chocolate
Activity ~: you get more breaks in today’s class.
Social ~: communicating with classmates
Feedback ~: good job! for participating, your grade is posted
Positive Reinforcers
How do we ascertain what will be positively reinforcing to a group?
Guess work
Age
Gender
What do students find positively reinforcing?
Are we talking about programmed or natural reinforcers?
Enhancing Effectiveness (methods)
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Document Summary

Target behavior: read chapters and attend/watch lectures. A token economy is a system of behavior modification-based on the systematic positive reinforcement of target behavior. The reinforcers are symbols or tokens that can be exchanged for other reinforcers. Token economy is based on the principles of operant conditioning and can be situated within applied behavior analysis (behaviorism). Token economies are applied with children and adults. Activity ~: you get more breaks in today"s class. Feedback ~: good job! for participating, your grade is posted. Sampling: samples. give them a little taste of the reward, they might be more likely to want the reward. Modeling: see another ppl get the chocolate, and you want that too through watching them enjoying the reinforcer. Public posting of performance: showing publicly this ppl did this and they got this. Publicly showing ppl that you"re doing a good job could be an incentive for all the ppl to follow doing that favorable behavior. public effect.

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