PSYB45H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Reinforcement, Quiz, Habituation

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYB45H3
Decreasing behaviors
Lecture 8
March 8, 2013
Reducing unwanted behaviors
Occupational/Educational
Training: sb. Or training a pet not peeing on the floor
Interpersonal: bf VS gf. Stop forgetting sth.
Self-management: stop smoking, stop biting nails.
Reducing unwanted behaviors
Occupational/Educational
Someone is sending too many emails
Training
Dog is misbehaving
Interpersonal
Want husband to stop leaving clothes out
Self-management
Eating too much dessert
Methods for Reducing Behaviors: Non-Punishment Methods
Extinction
Definition?
What do you need to know first?
Functional Assessment
Can’t implement extinction purely based on assumptions
Reinforcers differ from one person to the next
Reinforcers can be different in different contexts
Multiple reinforcers
Removing Reinforcer
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Document Summary

Or training a pet not peeing on the floor. Want husband to stop leaving clothes out. Can"t implement extinction purely based on assumptions. Reinforcers differ from one person to the next. Reinforcers can be different in different contexts. Other people are providing the reinforcement: you can"t control what other ppl do. Instructions: tell that person might help the extinction of they sending you emails. Withholding reinforcement from the target behavior and reinforcing a different behavior. Incompatible behavior (competing response): two behaviors physically cannot happen at the same time. Alternative behavior: not answering the questions from sister, but encourage her to analyze the quizes. Become aware of triggers : an find another alternative/substitute to do, reverse the trigger. Like dieting, open the fridge, call a friend to stop finding foods. Definition: the introduction of an aversive stimulus, which would be the positive punishment; or a negative punishment the removal of a pleasant stimulus.

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