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10 Dec 2010
Chapter 20- Self-Management
- Self-management- behaviour modification procedures
used by a person to change his or her own behaviour
- The goal of self management is to decrease or
eliminate the behavioural excess so that the negative
outcome does not occur in the future
- According to skinner, self management involves a
controlling behaviour and a controlled behaviour
- Controlling behaviour- the antecedents and
consequences of a target behaviour and/or
alternative behaviours are modified
- Controlled behaviour- the target behaviour that
is influenced in a self management project
- You can influence the likelihood that you will engage
in a target behaviour in the future by establishing a
goal for yourself
- Goal-setting- the person decides on and writes down
the desired level of the target behaviour (and time
frame) he/she hopes to achieve as a result of self
management procedures
- Behavioural contract- written document in which
you identify the target behaviour and arrange
consequences contingent on a specified level of the
target behaviour in a specific time period
- Another person (contract manager) applies the
consequences & short circuiting will be less
likely to occur
- Short circuiting the contingency- occurs when a
person arranges a reinforcer for a target behaviour but
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