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Chapter 1

Course Code
Zachariah Campbell

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Chapter 1: Introduction
What is Behaviour?
` Behaviour:
` Includes what people do and say
x Things that we can all see objectively and observe from a third person
` Involves the activity of an organism at any level
x Muscle
x Glandular
x Electrical (activity in the nervous system between neurons)
y Behaviour:
x It is NOT static
x /]vÀ}oÀ^]}v_vv}^/labels_
C Being angry (state t not a behavior)
C Screaming at your sibling (associated activity)
x /(}Z^}_vv}Z^}µ_
C ']vPv^_]vZ]}µ~}µ
C Studying effectively (process)
Characteristics of Behaviour
` It can be observed, described, and recorded
` Has an impact on the environment
C Physical
` For example: turning on the light switch t the behavior results in a physical
change in the world
C Social

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` For example: when we yell at our friend, our friend becomes hurt t yelling is the
behavior that has an effect on others
` Involves physical dimensions
Dimensions of Behaviour
x Duration
x Running on a treadmill for 45 minutes
x Frequency
x Running three times per week
x Intensity
x Running at Level 8 on a treadmill
Characteristics of Behavior
x It is Lawful
x There is a functional relationship between behaviour and the environment t there is no
ambiguity, the effects of a behavior can be measured
x May be Overt or Covert
x Overt- behavior visible to other people
x Covert- behaviour not visible to other people (rare in behavior modification)
1. Involves actions not labels
2. Involves physical dimensions
- frequency
- duration
- intensity
3. Can be observed, described, and recorded
4. Has an impact on the environment (physical or social)
5. Behavior is lawful
6. May be overt or covert
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