PSYB45 Lecture 10
Behaviorism isn’t the same as it was 80 years ago.
Trying to teach responsibility and care for dog.
Can you punish for absence of behavior?
o No you can’t.
Antecedent is everything the person is experiencing (sight, sounds).
Behavior is what they are doing at that moment in time.
You can’t punish the absence of behavior so you use reinforcement.
They need to know what they are doing at that moment is wrong.
Can say the absence of behavior follows rules and consequences.
Positive punishment is the most restrictive.
Informed consent: person above age 18 says they understand
procedure and the intended outcome.
Safety: person administering and not must both be safe.
o Classical conditioning
All about behavior modification but also to stop alcohol consumption.
The occurrence of behavior in the context of a novel stimulus.
Reinforce a behavior in each of a series of situations until it
generalized to other members of that same stimulus class.
Relevant: natural antecedent stimuli the person experience.
Target behavior occurs outside.
Your trying to approximate what happened.
Maintenance: behavior occurs in duration and appropriate
Bring something into your control arena.
Make sure they get food on the streets while their walking and doing
Can teach them using a hot dog stand but can’t generalize that it will
work for a pretzel stand or another hot dog stand with a different set
They’re all vendors but have different components on how they do
Use similar response exemplars.
o Reinforce as many responses for them to generalize on their
You can focus on reason side of how to generalize behavior.
Institutional centers (jails, prison, homes).
Anywhere you can have an effect where it won't be a burden on the
people you’re working with. This improves generalization.
Example: if you use token system in training and they engage in pro-
social behavior, when they go home, if the parent uses token system
until necessary then use it. It will make the home environment more
pleasant for the person and environment.
Measure behavior at later time and if there changes you do a
functional assessment. See which antecedents control or don’t control
Booster program: bringing person back to treatment from beginning
and get their target behavior from baseline and put them back in
3rd point: relates to school where you live on residence and have to
study for exam but roommate got this new movie. This applies in this
situation. Reinforce happens immediately but delayed reinforcer
happens 3 weeks later when you get your mark.
1st: exercise. Not comfortable and you don’t like them. Overtime, this
helps (improving lean muscle mass, losing weight, for CVD).
2nd: doing something wrong.
3rd: small punisher is to force yourself to sit down and study certain
hours until final exams. Dental (floss and brush on regular basis).
Delayed major punishment is dental decay and getting a root canal.
Weighing these makes us decide what to change.
Maybe you need to realize you get charged with assault for
Very easy to short-circuit.
Can plan for problems ahead.
Numbers matter the most.
Bad idea to rely on memory.
Want to understand problem, excess or deficit.
Want to live a longer life. Emotional investment in future. Having
motivation to drive you. Pick up good habits and get rid of bad habits
at certain times in life.