Behavior Modificationsch12.docx

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4 Apr 2012
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Behavior Modifications
Chapter 12 Behavioural Skills Training Procedures
- Four behavioral procedures modeling, instructions, rehearsal and feedback used together in
training sessions to help a person acquire useful skills
- Ex. Maria is unable to say no so she see’s a psychiatrist and he creates situations at work in
which Maria role plays herself and he roleplays the a coworker
o He describes how to respond more assertively and demonstrates the behavior
o Maria then gets the time to practice it and make the assertive response in the roleplay
o The psych praises her and tells her where she needs to improve
- Ex. Teaching children how to protect themselves from abduction
Components of Behavioural Skills Training Procedures
Modeling
- The correct behavior is demonstrated for the learner
- The learner observes the behavior and then imitates the response
- The learner has to be able to pay attention to the model and perform the behavior the model
has demonstrated (called an imitative repertoire)
- A model’s behavior becomes an SD for imitation and imitation becomes a generalized response
class, which means that imitation is likely to occur in the future when a behavior is modeled for
the learner
- Symbolic videotape, audiotape, or a cartoon or movie
- A number of factors influence the effectiveness of modeling :
o When the exhibit correct behavior should be followed by a reinforce
o Should resemble the people observing the model or should have high status (ex.
Teachers have high status or celebrities or sports stars)
o Complexity of the model depends on the learner
Too complex learner may not learn anything from it
Too simple may not pay attention
o Has to pay attention! draw attention to important aspects of the model behavior
o Must occur in the proper context in a real situation or in the context of a role play of
the real situation
o Should be repeated as often as necessary to learn it
o Should be modeled in a variety of ways and enhance generalizations
o Should have the opportunity to rehearse as soon as possible after observing the model
Instructions
- Describe the appropriate behavior for the learner
- Should be specific
- Should also specifiy the circumstances in which the behavior should occur
o Specify the antecedent and the correct behavior and the specific consequence
- Factors
o Presented at a level that can be understood by the learner
o Deliviered by someone who has creditability
o Learner should have the opportunity to rehearse the behavior as soon as possible after
receiving instructions
o Instructions should be paired with modeling enhance the behavior
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