Behavior modification (BM) Chapter 1
BM is concerned with modifying and analyzing human behavior
analyzing is to identify the functional relationship between
environmental events and a particular behavior aka why the behavior
modifying is to develop and implement procedures to help people
change their behavior.
BM’s goal is to improve a certain aspect of a person’s life
Characteristics of BM:
1) focus on behavior: designed to change behavior not personal traits.
BM de-emphasizes labeling.
Behavioral excesses & deficits are targets for change with BM. The
behavior to be modified is called the target behavior.
Behavioral excess: is an undesirable target behavior the person
wants to decrease in frequency, intensity or duration ie smoking
behavioral deficit: a desirable target behavior the person wants to
increase in frequency, intensity or duration ie exercise
2) procedures based on behavioral principles:
experimental analysis behavior: the scientific study of behavior
also called behavior analysis.
Applied behavior analysis: the scientific study of human
behavior, also called experimental analysis of human behavior.
3) Emphasis on current environmental events:
- HB is controlled by events in the immediate environment & the goal
of BM is to identify those events. Once the controlling variables are
identified they are altered to modify the behavior.
Successful BM procedures alter the functional relationships
between the behavior and the controlling variables in the environment
to produce a desired change in the behavior.
Labels cant be the cause of a behavior because the label does not
exist as a physical entity or event. The causes of behavior must be
found in the environment including the biology of the person.
4) Precise description of procedures: for the procedures to be effective
each time they are used, the specific changes in environmental events
must occur each time. By describing procedures precisely, researchers
& other professionals make it more likely that the procedures will be
used correctly each time.
5) treatment implemented by people in everyday life: and they should
do so only after sufficient training
6) measurement of behavior change: measuring the behavior before