Class Notes (904,644)
CA (538,293)
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Psychology (7,991)
PSYB45H3 (337)
Lecture

Ch 2_

6 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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BM chapter 2
-Behavioral assessment: measurement of the target behavior in BM.
Its imp coz 1) measuring behavior before the treatment can help you
determine whether treatment is necessary 2) Behavioral assessment
can provide information that helps you choose the best treatment 3)
measuring the target behavior b4 & after the treatment allows you to
determine if the behavior changed after the treatment.
Two types of BA: 1) Indirect assessment: involves using
interviews, questionnaires and rating scales to obtain information on
the target behavior from the person exhibiting the behavior or from
others. Information on the target behavior depends on peoples
memories. May also be based on incomplete info about TB thats why
we rely on direct assessment.
2) Direct assessment: a person observes and records the target
behavior as it occurs. Usually more accurate than indirect assessment
coz observer is trained specifically to observe the TB & record its
occurrence immediately.
A) The observer must be in close proximity to the person exhibiting
the behavior so the target behavior can be seen or heard in the case of
camera usage
B) Observer must also have a precise definition of the target behavior
so that its occurrence can be distinguished from occurrences of other
behaviors.
C) To record the target behavior (TB) observer must register the
occurrence of the behavior when its observed.
-Defining target behavior: 1st step in developing a behavior-recording
plan is to define the TB u want to record. To define TB u must
1) identify exactly what the person says or does that constitutes the
behavioral excess or deficit targeted for change.
A behavioral definition includes active verbs describing specific
behaviors that a person exhibits and it is objective and unambiguous.
Ie it doesnt refer to internal states such as being angry. A behavioral
definition does not make inferences about intentions coz they can be
observed and recorded. And labels cant be used to define behavior.
Labels for behavior are ambiguous; they can mean different things
to different people. i.e repeating words and syllables is not caused by
stuttering it is a behavior called stuttering.
the main value of labels is that they may be used as convenient
shorthand when referring to a target behavior. However, the behavior
must always be defined before it can be observed and recorded.
www.notesolution.com
-Interobserver reliability ( IOR) or interobserver agreement:
when 2 people independently observe the same behavior and record
that as the behavior that occurred. This is one characteristic of a good
behavioral definition.
2) identify who will observe and record the behavior.
develop a behavior recording plan such that a person can observe
and record the TB of the client without too much disruption of his/her
normal routines.
in some cases the observer is the person exhibiting the TB. This is
called self-monitoring. Its valuable when its not possible for another
observer to record the TB, as when the TB occurs infrequently or when
it occurs only when no one is present. It may also be combined with
direct observation with another observer.
if self-monitoring is used in a BM the client must be trained to
record his/her own behavior in the same way that an observer would be
trained.
-Observation period: the observer records the TB in a specific period.
You choose the time upon the frequency of occurrence of the TB.
Indirect assessment information from the client or others may
indicate the best times to schedule the observation period.
Timing of the OP is determined by the availability of three observer
and the constraints imposed by the clients activities or preferences.
Observation & recording takes place in natural settings or in
contrived settings.
- a natural setting consists of the places in which the TB typically
occurs ie observing in a class. More likely to provide a more
representative sample of the TB.
- Contrived setting: observing in a clinic playroom this is not part
of the childs daily routine. Benefits: it is more controlled than a
natural setting & the variables that influence the behavior are easier
to manipulate.
-Observation of the TB can be structured or unstructured:
structured: the observer arranges for specific events or activities to
occur during the observation period.
unstructured: no specific events, activities or instructions are given
during the observation period.
observation period used in BM research are brief about 15 30 mins
When observations occur in contrived settings also called analogue
settings. Researchers often simulate evens that are likely to occur in
natural settings.
www.notesolution.com

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Description
BM chapter 2 - Behavioral assessment: measurement of the target behavior in BM. Its imp coz 1) measuring behavior before the treatment can help you determine whether treatment is necessary 2) Behavioral assessment can provide information that helps you choose the best treatment 3) measuring the target behavior b4 & after the treatment allows you to determine if the behavior changed after the treatment. Two types of BA: 1) Indirect assessment: involves using interviews, questionnaires and rating scales to obtain information on the target behavior from the person exhibiting the behavior or from others. Information on the target behavior depends on peoples memories. May also be based on incomplete info about TB thats why we rely on direct assessment. 2) Direct assessment: a person observes and records the target behavior as it occurs. Usually more accurate than indirect assessment coz observer is trained specifically to observe the TB & record its occurrence immediately. A) The observer must be in close proximity to the person exhibiting the behavior so the target behavior can be seen or heard in the case of camera usage B) Observer must also have a precise definition of the target behavior so that its occurrence can be distinguished from occurrences of other behaviors. C) To record the target behavior (TB) observer must register the occurrence of the behavior when its observed. - Defining target behavior: 1 step in developing a behavior-recording plan is to define the TB u want to record. To define TB u must 1) identify exactly what the person says or does that constitutes the behavioral excess or deficit targeted for change. A behavioral definition includes active verbs describing specific behaviors that a person exhibits and it is objective and unambiguous. Ie it doesnt refer to internal states such as being angry. A behavioral definition does not make inferences about intentions coz they can be observed and recorded. And labels cant be used to define behavior. Labels for behavior are ambiguous; they can mean different things to different people. i.e repeating words and syllables is not caused by stuttering it is a behavior called stuttering. the main value of labels is that they may be used as convenient shorthand when referring to a target behavior. However, the behavior must always be defined before it can be observed and recorded. www.notesolution.com
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