BM chapter 2
-Behavioral assessment: measurement of the target behavior in BM.
Its imp coz 1) measuring behavior before the treatment can help you
determine whether treatment is necessary 2) Behavioral assessment
can provide information that helps you choose the best treatment 3)
measuring the target behavior b4 & after the treatment allows you to
determine if the behavior changed after the treatment.
Two types of BA: 1) Indirect assessment: involves using
interviews, questionnaires and rating scales to obtain information on
the target behavior from the person exhibiting the behavior or from
others. Information on the target behavior depends on people’s
memories. May also be based on incomplete info about TB that’s why
we rely on direct assessment.
2) Direct assessment: a person observes and records the target
behavior as it occurs. Usually more accurate than indirect assessment
coz observer is trained specifically to observe the TB & record its
A) The observer must be in close proximity to the person exhibiting
the behavior so the target behavior can be seen or heard in the case of
B) Observer must also have a precise definition of the target behavior
so that its occurrence can be distinguished from occurrences of other
C) To record the target behavior (TB) observer must register the
occurrence of the behavior when it’s observed.
-Defining target behavior: 1st step in developing a behavior-recording
plan is to define the TB u want to record. To define TB u must
1) identify exactly what the person says or does that constitutes the
behavioral excess or deficit targeted for change.
A behavioral definition includes active verbs describing specific
behaviors that a person exhibits and it is objective and unambiguous.
Ie it doesn’t refer to internal states such as being angry. A behavioral
definition does not make inferences about intentions coz they can be
observed and recorded. And labels can’t be used to define behavior.
Labels for behavior are ambiguous; they can mean different things
to different people. i.e repeating words and syllables is not caused by
stuttering it is a behavior called stuttering.
the main value of labels is that they may be used as convenient
shorthand when referring to a target behavior. However, the behavior
must always be defined before it can be observed and recorded.