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Lecture 19

lecture 19 notes

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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PSYB45 Lecture 19
Punishment
oNaturally can have problem effects
oCan agent controlling punishment, then punisher goes away?
oPunishment should only occur as needed (shouldnt go on for too long)
oPossibility that can injure the person using punishment (eg damage to skin/tissue)
oIs the problem sufficiently severe to warrant a positive punishment solution?
Eg positive punishment can be very effective for a lot of behaviours but
should you use it
Application 4
oChildren eating paint chips
oMedical staff realized that these children are putting a lot of things in their
mouths, not just paint chips
oPraise the children when they engage in positive behaviour
oWhen children start to put things in their mouths like a toy should physically stop
their hand from completing that movement
oThen hold their arms to the sides and dont let them move (and this action is a
very effective punishment procedure)
oABCs
Antecedent is presence of an object
Behaviour is bringing it to the mouth
Consequence is pleasure/sensation of putting object into mouth
oABCs of intervention
Antecedent is presence of object
Behaviour is trying to go mouth but its stopped
Consequence is punishment
Next lecture slides (chpt 19)
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PSYB45 Lecture 19
Stimulus generalization
oPhysical similarity
Eg two dogs but ones a beagle and ones a terrier, so basically the same
but still some physical differences
So when teaching a child words they’ll probably use dog for both because
they are so similar
oStimuli in common-element class
Pretty good degree of similarity physically but not so much
Eg German Sheppard and bulldog
Eg child will take some time figuring out they are both dogs
oStimuli in equivalence-class
Learn to respond the same way to completely different objects
Eg banana, chocolate, sandwich, orange are all fully different but they are
all classified as food
Generality of behaviour change
oEg teaching children about abduction lures
So can teach in classroom doesnt necessarily mean that child will
generalize because visually it is completely different (eg outside raining
and inside in classroom)
So means child doesnt follow what they were taught in class
Response generalization
oEg picture of couple
oSo for example a woman thinks a guy is cute and she has several items in her
arsenal that she can use to attract? Him
If she actually comes out with new items while interacting with him then
response generalization has occurred
Maintenance
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Description
PSYB45 Lecture 19 Punishment o Naturally can have problem effects o Can agent controlling punishment, then punisher goes away? o Punishment should only occur as needed (shouldnt go on for too long) o Possibility that can injure the person using punishment (eg damage to skintissue) o Is the problem sufficiently severe to warrant a positive punishment solution? Eg positive punishment can be very effective for a lot of behaviours but should you use it Application 4 o Children eating paint chips o Medical staff realized that these children are putting a lot of things in their mouths, not just paint chips o Praise the children when they engage in positive behaviour o When children start to put things in their mouths like a toy should physically stop their hand from completing that movement o Then hold their arms to the sides and dont let them move (and this action is a very effective punishment procedure) o ABCs Antecedent is presence of an object Behaviour is bringing it to the mouth Consequence is pleasuresensation of putting object into mouth o ABCs of intervention Antecedent is presence of object Behaviour is trying to go mouth but its stopped Consequence is punishment Next lecture slides (chpt 19) www.notesolution.com
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