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PSYB45H3 (337)
Lecture

lecture 22 notes

7 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

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PSYB45 Lecture 22
Token economy
oNeed to have rules in place
oData sheets
Who records data
Do all sheets look the same
oFrequency of tokens to pay
Tasks that are less pleasant going to get more tokens
Backup reinforcers that like better are going to cost more
oAt the very beginning need more tokens because needs to be established as
conditioned reinforce
oGradually decrease number of tokens over time
oNeed also the backup reinforcer and the availability of those
oAt the very beginning want the store with the reinforcers open all the time so
conditioned?
oShould be related to real-world monetary costs so that can generalize into real
world
oTokens also taken away if do bad behavior (punishment?)
oIndividuals with low intellectual ability may become aggressive when you start to
take tokens away
oMake sure give praise on regular basis
oStaff shortages which is a big problem when deal with reinforcing behavior
oDont use Dollarama tokens because person can buy it and then short-circuit
system
oSome people who are new to the system may not understand how the token system
works right away
oWant to program for generalization by substituting tangible tokens with more
realistic things such as praise
www.notesolution.com
PSYB45 Lecture 22
oEg can do more instances of behavior before getting tokens
Can decrease value of tokens
This way you use tokens less and less
oWant to establish baseline for program in general plus baseline for each individual
oThe more variety, the more successful the work
oShould make sure the token store is regularly open so once every 24hrs but the
problem is this is resource intensive so it may not be possible
Application of teacher dealing with four 3rd graders
oSet a timer up (when beeps and if student paying attention then give token)
oPut on variable interval schedule
Because attention is continuous variable interval
oEverytime drop a poker chip that winning sound noise comes which then is
reinforcing
othree 20min teaching sessions and opportunity to exchange between sessions
ocan allow them to keep tokens and accumulate or redeem right away
Chpt 23
Behavioral contracts are approaches behavior modifiers can take to kick out bad
behaviors or induce good behaviors
Contract sheet
oMost important thing on form is arguably the signature
oIn addition to specifying it, it is important to identify clearly what the
consequence would be
oPro or negative
Make it clear or operationally defined
oEg if someone wants to lose 40pounds in a month not really feasible and unethical
so behavior modifier wouldnt sign sheet to do this
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Description
PSYB45 Lecture 22 Token economy o Need to have rules in place o Data sheets Who records data Do all sheets look the same o Frequency of tokens to pay Tasks that are less pleasant going to get more tokens Backup reinforcers that like better are going to cost more o At the very beginning need more tokens because needs to be established as conditioned reinforce o Gradually decrease number of tokens over time o Need also the backup reinforcer and the availability of those o At the very beginning want the store with the reinforcers open all the time so conditioned? o Should be related to real-world monetary costs so that can generalize into real world o Tokens also taken away if do bad behavior (punishment?) o Individuals with low intellectual ability may become aggressive when you start to take tokens away o Make sure give praise on regular basis o Staff shortages which is a big problem when deal with reinforcing behavior o Dont use Dollarama tokens because person can buy it and then short-circuit system o Some people who are new to the system may not understand how the token system works right away o Want to program for generalization by substituting tangible tokens with more realistic things such as praise www.notesolution.com
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