Class Notes (906,006)
CA (538,586)
UTSC (32,642)
Psychology (7,991)
PSYB45H3 (337)
Lecture 17

lecture 17 notes

5 Pages
107 Views

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB45H3
Professor
Zachariah Campbell

This preview shows pages 1-2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
PSYB45 Lecture 17
Time Out
o90-95% of problems dealt with, with non-punishment procedures
oEg you want to use positive punishment because nothing else seems to work
You need peer-reviewed and informed consent
You need an expert above and beyond or laterally the same as you, who
says what youre doing is ethical and ok
oHave to make sure time-in environment is actually reinforcing
Can be an issue when the person didnt want to be there in the first place
so they engaged in aggressive behavior
So youre reinforcing that
oWhen a problematic behavior (PB) occurs, have to take them out immediately, no
delay at all
oWhile youre walking the child out the room or towards the chair some children
may start struggling with their arm or start yelling to you
You have to ignore this and keep doing what you are doing
oPrevent escape
If they escape they win
oYou cant bring them out while they are being combative??
oSo in the room if the child is being combative and kicking stuff and what not even
if 20min have passed you cant let them out
oCan only let out eg if sit for 2min doing nothing and cortisol goes down, nervous
system goes down, calm, quiet etc, then you can let them come out
oMathew and colleagues study
Kids in dangerous behavior
Touching electrical sockets etc
Basically Darwin saying they’re not supposed to exist anymore but the
psychologist came and intervened
www.notesolution.com
PSYB45 Lecture 17
Found that, with each of the parents, an approach
Multiple baseline across subject
Separation line called a phaseline
At the phaseline the intervention is applied
The intervention is timing them out
Told the parents that whenever the child engages in dangerous behavior, to
remove the child to inside their pen, cradle
So the behavior that was negative goes to zero
For children who didnt even learn to speak yet, they taught behavior to
them
Response cost
oDoesnt matter what token looks like, its what it represents
oFA=functional assessment
oIn the real world people dont really use FA so misapplications
oLoss is temporary 99% of the time
oIf reinforcer loss is not immediate, symbolize the reinforcer
Eg no dessert because child did something bad
Eg so engaged in aggressive behavior with bro or sis then dessert is gone
So child knows because will have table on fridge showing each day
of week and the opportunity to get dessert
Hilary scenario application question
oSo pretend she only has one bro who keeps annoying her by taking her toys
oSay you want to use timeout for both children
Since their children you need to explain explicit instructions
Eg for Hilary you have to explain to her that she was throwing toys and
throwing it at Bobby (bro) so thats why you’re getting the time out
www.notesolution.com

Loved by over 2.2 million students

Over 90% improved by at least one letter grade.

Leah — University of Toronto

OneClass has been such a huge help in my studies at UofT especially since I am a transfer student. OneClass is the study buddy I never had before and definitely gives me the extra push to get from a B to an A!

Leah — University of Toronto
Saarim — University of Michigan

Balancing social life With academics can be difficult, that is why I'm so glad that OneClass is out there where I can find the top notes for all of my classes. Now I can be the all-star student I want to be.

Saarim — University of Michigan
Jenna — University of Wisconsin

As a college student living on a college budget, I love how easy it is to earn gift cards just by submitting my notes.

Jenna — University of Wisconsin
Anne — University of California

OneClass has allowed me to catch up with my most difficult course! #lifesaver

Anne — University of California
Description
PSYB45 Lecture 17 Time Out o 90-95% of problems dealt with, with non-punishment procedures o Eg you want to use positive punishment because nothing else seems to work You need peer-reviewed and informed consent You need an expert above and beyond or laterally the same as you, who says what youre doing is ethical and ok o Have to make sure time-in environment is actually reinforcing Can be an issue when the person didnt want to be there in the first place so they engaged in aggressive behavior So youre reinforcing that o When a problematic behavior (PB) occurs, have to take them out immediately, no delay at all o While youre walking the child out the room or towards the chair some children may start struggling with their arm or start yelling to you You have to ignore this and keep doing what you are doing o Prevent escape If they escape they win o You cant bring them out while they are being combative?? o So in the room if the child is being combative and kicking stuff and what not even if 20min have passed you cant let them out o Can only let out eg if sit for 2min doing nothing and cortisol goes down, nervous system goes down, calm, quiet etc, then you can let them come out o Mathew and colleagues study Kids in dangerous behavior Touching electrical sockets etc Basically Darwin saying theyre not supposed to exist anymore but the psychologist came and intervened www.notesolution.com
More Less
Unlock Document


Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit