PSYB57H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Bound And Unbound Morphemes, Nim Chimpsky, Kanzi
Language is a complex rich field of study and psychology is not the only discipline that looks at language. The primary department that cares about how language works across cultures is linguistics. There are four things that are true about every language: The first is displacement (you can talk about something, an idea, or a concept even when it is not physically present). For example, talking about a person even when they are not there gives you an idea of what they look like. Displacement is the idea of referring to something in its physical absence. The second is arbitrariness (the bridge or links between the sounds of a language and what those sounds mean). For example, when you say the word money, it corresponds to a financial balance in english. To understand this concept fully you would have to listen to how money is pronounced in different languages.