PSYB57H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Long-Term Memory, Cognitive Neuroscience, Design Of Experiments
Design a carefully designed experiment that will engage certain mental processes. If you want to measure mental imagery, you would set up an experiment to engage these things that you are trying to measure. Finally you have behavioral dependent variables, in which you look at how people react to a certain situation. Cognitive psychology uses the experiment and the variable to understand or infer the mental process they want to understand. These models describe the various steps involved in the cognitive process. These models have to be clear on what they are trying to measure. There usually is not only one model that explains everything that happens in the brain. You want a model that only explains one type of process at a time. You want a model to be realistic, that the mental process seem to be realistic. (realistic elements) Models should be as simple as possible (parsimonious).