PSYB57H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: Noun Phrase, Morpheme, Phoneme

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16 Apr 2012
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PSYBB57 0 Lecture 08
Concepts and Language
- Medin (1989):
- Conceptual Representation
How are concepts represented?
Defining features? Prototypes? Theories
- Rosch (1975) Typicality Ratings for Natural Categories
- Levels of Categorization
Tanaka and Taylor (1991)
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- Medin (1989)
- Dynamic Representation
Not all possible information for a category is
activated when the category is accessed
Information relevant to the current context
is preferentially activated
i.e. compare the following 2 sentences:
1. She injured her BACK when she tried to
LIFT the piano
2. She injured her WRIST when she tried to
PLAY the piano
- Questions
1. What are the different levels of language
representation, and how do they fit together?
2. How does language comprehension proceed
at these different levels?
3. What are the similarities and differences in comprehension processes for
spoken language and for reading, and for words and sentences?
- Key Areas of Brain for Language
1. Language and Speech: Wernicke’s and Broca’s area:
WATCH: http://www.learner.org/resources/series142.html
Questions:
1. How did the study of “Tan” help us understand language processing in the
brain?
2. Why would someone with Broca’s aphasia have difficulty with the sentence
“The cow kicked the horse” but not “Can cows fly”?
Auditory perception area (APA), 1ary motor cortex
- Language vs. Communication
Language: A system of communication through which we code and
express our feelings, thoughts, ideas and experiences
Many animals communicate BUTT how about language? Do our close
relatives (i.e. chimps and gorillas) have language abilities? (i.e. Nim
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