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Lecture 10

PSYB65H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Neuropsychology, Angular Gyrus, Temporal Lobe


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYB65H3
Professor
Ted Petit
Lecture
10

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Lecture 10
Neuropsychology of brain damage and Language; The Aphasias
The bigger the stroke, the larger the area damaged, the more sever the result is going to be.
Vary from patient to patient
APHASIA
Ask people what things to find out if they have language expressing language
Also ask them to obey commands to see if they can understand language comprehend language
Ask them to read and to write
Asking them to repeat much easier than making up language yourself
Receptive Aphasia
o Basic understanding of the language (RECEIVING language)
o Posterior part of the temporal lobe
o PURE WORD DEAFNESS
Problems in relating incoming sounds into representations which allow the
understanding of discourse when you hear a sound, does it mean anything to you,
can you comprehend them; taking that incoming sound and decoding it to mean
something
They can hear sounds but cannot distinguish it has language
They are not deaf
Caused from damages in the primary receptive area in the temporal lobe
Normal ability to read getting information in VISUALLY
Their problem is breaking down sounds that is auditory
They can also write and also speak
No problem with language if you can get in the input in anyway but auditory
Integrative Aphasia
o Comprehension of language as well as the formation of the language
o Problems in selecting and arranging meaningful units and their eventual conversion into
comprehensible coherent speech
o Wernicke’s area
o WERNICKE’S APHASIA
Also referred to as Jargon’s aphasia
The person does not make any sense
People make unintelligible statements
They usually cannot name objects but although it is close; example: comb, hair
Take objects and utensils normally even though they cannot name it they can use it
They respond very poorly to commands
They cannot repeat what you say unless it a very short familiar remark very very
overused phrases like good morning, hello
IQ is low, make silly error; sometimes don’t understand what to do
They can sing, but usually invert passages or include extra lines the rhythm,
harmony and tones of it but the lyrics are a problem
If you have them read aloud, they can read what id written, but don’t comprehend it.
They are not upset because they are not aware that they have lost it; they don’t miss it;
no depression
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