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Lecture 11
Brain Damage
1. Receptive aphasias (problems with receiving language- input)
Pure Word deafness:
-problems in relating incoming sounds into representations which allow understanding of
discourse
-problems making language sense out of sounds THEY HEAR THE SOUNDS BUT
CANNOT PUT INTO LANGUAGE
-involve stroke in dorsal temporal area near primary receptive area (auditor y)
-nor mal ability to read write and speak
-cannot repeat or commands unless wri tten
2. Integrated Aphasia (problems with putting together info: nuts and bolts not there)
-involves selecting and arranging meaningful units and there eventual conversion into
comprehension coherent speech
Wernikes Apahsia:
- make unintelligible statements, chattering for long periods of time without making sense
-words are not random though (not word salad) sounds like it makes sense
-all musical qualities of language in tact (RH)
-cannot name an object but can say something that is in a similar categor y (table-chair)
-or says similar sound paperpepper
-use objects appropriately
-responds to commands poorly and repitition b/c cannot understand
-IQ lowered
-must deal with families because patient is unaware of problem
Nominal Apashia (ANOMIA)
-inability to name things, usually object
Will use words t hat sound like it or circomclusion: describing it
- inability to name things is specific to nouns but can use it as a verb. What is this (comb)
the thing you use to comb your hair”
-caused by damage in angular gyr us
-problems in abstraction and perseverance (its not a file its a f ile)
3.Repition Apashias
Conduction Apashia: person cannot repeat but have a good comprehension and f luent
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Document Summary

Brain damage: receptive aphasias (problems with receiving language- input) Problems in relating incoming sounds into representations which allow understanding of discourse. Problems making language sense out of sounds they hear the sounds but. Involve stroke in dorsal temporal area near primary receptive area (auditory) Cannot repeat or commands unless written: integrated aphasia (problems with putting together info: nuts and bolts not there) Involves selecting and arranging meaningful units and there eventual conversion into comprehension coherent speech. Make unintelligible statements, chattering for long periods of time without making sense. Words are not random though (not word salad) sounds like it makes sense. All musical qualities of language in tact (rh) Cannot name an object but can say something that is in a similar category (table-chair) Responds to commands poorly and repitition b/c cannot understand. Must deal with families because patient is unaware of problem. Will use words that sound like it or circomclusion: describing it.

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