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Connie Boudens

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C02- LECTURE 05- Rhetoric in scientific communication: how to argue
without arguing
๎€itโ€™s the use of language well, in an attempt to persuade
๎€in theory youโ€™re just writing what you found- but in science still using
language therefore rhetoric is involved
๎€lang represents truth
๎€we have many options in word choice, order of presentation, publication
outlets media; etc
๎€even when not using words, still saying something ( the choice to NOT
speak to prove a point)
๎€rhetoric doesnโ€™t imply intent
๎€we want audience to read or listen to the entire thing
๎€want audience to believe what you are saying
๎€take place in scientific community
๎€want to situate self in current dialogue
๎€want to learn to be a better communicator overall
๎€learn to recognize rhetoric in what you read/hear
๎€ Options in presenting data
-visual vs words- diff rhetorical value
- using passive rather than active voice (obscuring human agency), not using
personal pronouns
- making a non thing into a thing
ex: nominalization: nouns derieved from verbs (observe๎€ Observation)
long noun strings
๎€gives permanence
๎€story telling (order in which parts of the study are laid out)
๎€ Features of rhetorical discourse
1)for a specific audience
a.academic- depends on journal
2)popular press
a. time
c.audience response to some sort of problem
4)shaped by human motives
a.generate interest in your research
b.adding to an ongoing debate
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