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PSYC12H3 (400)
Lecture

lecture notes 7


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht

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PSYC12 Lecture 7
Experiencing Prejudice I
Stigma is a characteristic whereby people are devalued in society
Protective qualities of stigma:
oAttributional ambiguity- when you are victim of prejudice dont know
whether people say or do something because you deserved it or b/c you
belong to a certain group
It protects people from not feeling so bad when bad things happen
to them
oDomain disidentification it not something i value ; selective devaluation
oPeople engage in group comparisons, if it hurt to compare with out group
you just compare with in group
Moderating characteristics are things that can change the way people perceive
situations, when they make attributions about whether their identity is being
stigmatized or not
The study on children who got to chose whether they liked black or white dolls, a
recent study still found that kids liked white dolls better
Mattew Sheppard(was gay) who lived in Laramie, when to a gay lounge, two guys
pretended to be gay to befriend Mattew, drove really far and then beat him up,
tied him up and left him...this was an example of a hate crime
Stigma-a marker, a spoiled identity(less valued), discriminated against
oAbominations of body- obese(people are openly negative about fat
people), facial deformities
o Blemishes of character that people judge(dementia, mental illness, AD,
anorexia)
oTribal markers- visible indication of race, ethnicity or religion; something
you cannot change
Age seems to fit tribal markers the best even though the other ones make sense
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Preferentially hiring of women and minorities than men, men cant get jobs at
retail stores
Model of stigma(know it well)
oCollective representations(society, norms), situational cues and personal
characteristics determine whether an individual makes an appraisal that
they are being target of discrimination
oIf you do make threat appraisals you will have non volitional
responses(stress related, anxious, sweaty, higher hr),volitional
responses(start thinking you dont want others to know you are stressed,
worried, so suppress anxiety and feelings
Metastereotypes are stereotypes about stereotypes
Situational cues trigger certain responses (are you in a science classroom?)
Do you identify with group, are you aware of stigmatization, are you
threatened(personal)
Model with respect to Muslim cope at airport: the condition was really bad b/c of
911, it was at an airport, the man looked very traditional, so most likely perceived
threatening, physiological and psychological stress, suppress bad thoughts, not
look at anyone, how did react with the people, did he look suspicious
Prejudice and discrimination can lead people to become unhealthy
Stigma & Self-Esteem
oReflected appraisals- if a lot of people tell you that your group is bad, you
will start to internalize it
oSelf-fulfilling prophecies- peoples expectations of stigmatized people
should lead to stigmatized people having negative outcomes
oStigma can shield self-esteem im good, but i belong to a group that is
stigmatized in a certain domain
Attributional ambiguity(finding a reason for why something happened, targets
can actually blame discrimination for their mishaps, so you can discount it
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