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PSYC12H3 Lecture Notes - Cognitive Miser, Positive Psychology

Course Code
Michael Inzlicht

of 2
PSYC12 – Lecture 1
Let’s Talk about Prejudice
10 minutes into chapter 2 – bigoted – being racist –anti-semetic racist borat
and Chappell's show – comedy central – took off africa not came back. Talk
about them but may or not believe them.
What was actually said
When is something prejudice?
Is it true or not meant to harm or just joke
I don’t think he really believes chicken was only for black.
e.g. Seinfeld, Michael Richards – he thought he would be funny but not
perceive that way. Richards cannot do it anyway, context has something to
do with it.
- Descriptive pictures in your head
- Category
Behaviors/trait characteristics
mental shortcut (thinking)
cognitive process based on similarity between groups
cognitive miser.
From culture (from parents)
Inherently lazy so generalize form groups and help perceive world.
generalized expectation may or may not be true.
Anyone in different in contexts – muslims in america Vs. muslims in middle
Bias negative or positive - evaluation
-negative attitudes
bias attitude based on stereotypes – perceive traits people have
implicit vs. explicit (unaware of themselves) – can be true for both
stereotypes and prejudice. Bias reaction indicative of positive attitude. Bias
information to like in-groups and out group bias. E,g, I don’t like Christian
emotional association – put value on it emotions lie to it.
-action/behavior based on prejudice and stereotypes
-Based on group membership
- can be positive or negative à love discrimination – positive
A- Attitude – value- evaluation - prejudice
B- Behavior – action – discrimination
C- Cognition – Sets of beliefs - stereotypes
A little history…
Stereotypes as abnormal – deficient- faulty thinking
e.g. father in law – where study – prejudice discrimination – oh I don’t stereotype –
sick way of thinking. But now, lot of info. normal part of thinking- categorizing
things. E.g category of table – know what to do with it, not amazed with it – mental
shortcut, helpful, help save energy. No legs, not category of table but still can be
useful. Sometimes objects are right – e.g. assoc. of women act in certain way not be
true of people but do have resemblance of truth – women-small – not as strong as
men but some real in sports, separate categories – makes me how to act with
Some women cannot be firefighters- not true.
Explicit vs. Implicit – underground talk – change mutated in some aspects – not
admit to ourselves.
Perceiver’s perspective focus – engage in prejudice and stereotype – Target – how it
affect your mind body and how you feel
Intergroup conflict vs. intergroup harmony – biases – positive psychology – shift
focus in bad things – how to get rid of negative things.