PSYC12H3 Lecture Notes - Rwandan Genocide, Positive Psychology

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Published on 25 Feb 2013
Week 1 PSYC12
Lecture 1
Examples of recent racist events that prove prejudice is still alive
Rwandan Genocide
- A hundred thousand people were killed in 100 days
- 2 tribal groups, 1 group hated the other group. One group was slaughtered by the other.
Although they had similar cultures, there was a deep hatred among the groups
Indonesian Riots
- This is during an economic downturn in Indonesia
- The largest target in this riot are ethnic Chinese people
Houston suburb opposes plan for mosque
- Neighbour threatens to hold pig races
- A wealthy neighbourhood does not want Muslims to build a mosque in their neighbourhood
- Many neighbours do not believe that they are discriminatory against Muslims, instead they
claim that they are more concerned about property values, drainage and traffic
The Hunger Games
- When readers found out that Rue (a character) in the story is black, they claim that they were
disappointed, and it was not as sad when Rue died in the story
This course teaches the student about the perceptions of racism from the perceiver’s and target’s
When someone is confronted with a situation where he might confirm the stereotype associated with
his group, he might do the exact opposite just to not make that happen; i.e., called the stereotyped
Stereotype (cognitive) a set of attributes & traits associated with a group of people (social category)
- They are neither good or bad
- They are thoughts that come into our head when we think of a certain group
- Generalization about the group, can be either true or false
- Can be implicit or explicit
Prejudice (affective) biased evaluation of a group based on the traits associated with that group
- Affective, emotional
- Implicit/explicit
- Attitude = like/dislike
Discrimination (behavioural) negative behaviour towards someone based on their group membership
- Unfair acts based on social category
- Direct
- Acting in a biased way
The ABCs of racism
Historically, stereotypes were seen as abnormal, a type of mental illness. Stereotype is automatic; it is
part of the learning and categorization. Stereotypes assist people categorize a person and associate
traits with the person.
Explicit prejudice vs. implicit prejudice
People are more unlikely to express prejudice explicitly now, because it is socially disapproved.
Prejudice has transformed itself. It is no longer explicitly talked about.
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