PSYC12H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Black Kids, Dementia, Threat Model

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC12H3
LECTURE 6 EXPERIENCING PREJUDICE
- Video: study mirrors Clark and wife’s study about which doll (black or white) do kids prefer
- Although most black kids thought the white doll was the “good” doll, this may not
necessarily reflect self esteem; maybe it’s because there are more white dolls in toy stores so
kids like what they’re more familiar with
- Mathew Shepherd went to gay bar then 2 men pretended to be gay and befriended Mathew,
took him outside and pistol whipped him -> mom became activist to change law regarding
hate crimes
- Up until now, we wouldn’t have understood the target’s point of view. Most of the questions
we discovered only pertains to the perceiver’s point of view
Stigma
- Stigma is a trait that’s devalued by society; the stigmatized is discriminated against
- Goffman’s 3 types of stigma:
o 1. Abominations of body: things that make you look diff; e.g. overweight
o 2. Blemishes of character: dementia, mental illness, or other personality traits; maybe
even somebody who’s extroverted can be stigmatized by people who do not like that
o 3. Tribal markers: gender, race, religion; can be clothing, religious markers, skin color.
o Age can be either a tribal marker or abomination of body (becoming slow), AND
blemish of character (dementia, cognitive decline)
- Affirmative action: policies that take factors including "race, color, religion, sex, or national
origin"[1] into consideration in order to benefit an underrepresented group "in areas of
employment, education, and business
Model of stigma reaction Major & O’Brien
- IMPORTANT NEED TO KNOW ALL ELEMENTS
- Psychology of what it’s like to be in a stigmatized group
- 3 things that determine whether somebody makes and identity threat appraisal:
Collective representations, situational cues, personal characteristics.
- Identity threat appraisal: being discriminated against right now because of tribal markers,
not as a person. Being seen different because of identity.
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Document Summary

Video: study mirrors clark and wife"s study about which doll (black or white) do kids prefer. Although most black kids thought the white doll was the good doll, this may not necessarily reflect self esteem; maybe it"s because there are more white dolls in toy stores so kids like what they"re more familiar with. Mathew shepherd went to gay bar then 2 men pretended to be gay and befriended mathew, took him outside and pistol whipped him -> mom became activist to change law regarding hate crimes. Up until now, we wouldn"t have understood the target"s point of view. Most of the questions we discovered only pertains to the perceiver"s point of view. Stigma is a trait that"s devalued by society; the stigmatized is discriminated against. Goffman"s 3 types of stigma: 1. Abominations of body: things that make you look diff; e. g. overweight: 2.

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