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CA (630,000)
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PSYC12H3 (400)
Lecture 4

PSYC12H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Chinese Head Tax In Canada, Peanut Butter, Reall


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC12H3
Professor
Michael Inzlicht
Lecture
4

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PSYC12
Lecture 4Modern Prejudice part 2
MODERN PREJUDICE
- Not out there, not as overt
- Some ppl think that racism has gone away although they may feel the prejudice they just know
that it is not appropriate to express and in some cases the law
- Has prejudice changed all together?
o Underground
o Suddle
o Ppl ignore it?
Modern Racism
Polls show decrease in racism
Does this mean racism is thing of the past?
It is no longer “fashionable” to be racist
Ppl no longer state their position on prejudice
Have to find other ways of measuring this
Yet there is still resistance to integration
Affirmative Action
Controversial
i.e. when you have preferential hiring or admission based on some criteria such
as sex, race country of origin
policies used to wrong historical wrongs
i.e. because of the huge cultural devastation of slavery you have ppl who want to
overcompensate for this and hire ppl who may not be as qualified etc
many ppl get angry at affirmative action, even to the person themselves who is
getting into the program
Marriage
Resistance to marriage
“I am ok as long as my daughter marries someone who is white and Christian”
why?
Even though they are say I love black ppl etc
There may be some resistance to do some personal things
Things and policies that are beneficial to minority groups that they are against
Housing
Prejudice went underground and “modernized”
How can you have a decline of overt attitudes but resistance to helping certain sections of
the population
Old fashioned vs. Modern Racism
OLD FASHION
MODERN RACISM (not as overt)
It is a bad idea for Chinese and Whites to
marry one another
Chinese people have more influence upon
the push for multiculturalism than they
ought to have
about their apparent influence not them
directly
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It was wrong for the government to
outlaw the Chinese Head Tax
There are too many non-English signs in
the city
not about them directly just that we
should be speaking English in the country
If a Chinese family with the same income
& education moves next door, I would
mind a lot
Chinese are getting too pushy in their
demands for government reparations
I favour full racial integration
Chinese have gotten more economically
than they deserve
Chinese people should learn to speak
proper English
The news media has shown more respect
to Chinese than they deserve
trickier, not saying I don’t like Chinese
ppl its saying these things that have
happened to them is unfair
- old fashion
o evaluations of groups
- now it is more evaluation of policies that may benefit a group
- i.e. de-segregation of schools in US
o how do you de segregate ppl if you have ppl living in white neighborhoods and black
neighborhoods
could bus ppl
i.e. black neighborhoods to white schools etc
o legit reasons to be opposed to busing
harder for kids to commute etc
o also racist reasons to oppose
can hide your prejudice of opposition
i.e. beginning of semester the individual who was trying to build a mosque in
Texas
never said it was because they don’t like Muslims
they said it would be a strain on swage and that it would lead to more
traffic in the neighborhood
but would they give the same excuse if a Walmart moved in etc
o probably not
o reveals something about why they are saying that they are
o but not directly relating it to Muslims
o can hide hate behind real reasons
Modern Racism (MR)
MRs don’t consider themselves racist; racism is a thing of the past
i.e. ultra right group
one of their leaders says he doesn’t represent a racist group, they say that they
represent white culture etc
modern racists are a little bit different, they are hiding their prejudice through negative
attitudes
Racist feelings are disguised as negativity towards all who oppose traditional values
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i.e. ppl who are opposing the Mosque over the Walmart but bringing up traffic as the
issue
Any criticisms?
Its hard to know if it is due to racism etc cause the are bringing up actual issues but
racism could be the reason behind it
Aversive Racism (AR)
Ambivalence develops from 2 conflicting beliefs that an individual may have:
1. Negative stereotypes derived from culture & cognition
negative attitudes towards group
can come from many sources; i.e. culture, noticing things from their
environments (bottom up)
2. Egalitarian values, belief in meritocracy, justice
have a goal, strive to be fair etc
these two things clash on occasion
i.e. when encountering someone from an outgroup
i.e. egalitarian; interaction w an out group you feel not at ease w ppl
comes w these conflicting tendency
Result: Feeling of discomfort in inter-racial interaction
Not consciously aware of negative feelings
Strong motivation to control prejudice
People who have a strong social justice but there may be some discomfort w dealing w
these populations
When you start noticing you may want to try and control them
When normative pressure absent, prejudice expressed
When normative pressure there, clear norms on how to behave and how not to, norms are
there
When not there, prejudice is expressed
With weak normative pressures, are OK with prejudice (Kawakami, 2009)
Study
In a setting where there were actors that said something racist about another participant
that just left the room
Would ppl that observed the racist act do anything?
Before the study another group was told, imagine in a situation where you were in a study
and you saw or heard something racist
Most ppl say absolutely I would stand up etc
When a separate group was exposed to the situation, very few ppl actually said anything
Similar to the bystander effect from last week
Case were there isn’t strong normative pressure
Now their pressure is revealed that way
With clear normative pressures, ARs are egalitarian
ARs consider themselves egalitarian and are unaware of their implicit bias
Case where modern racists, they are aware that they have negative feelings about these
groups and if you were to ask a modern racist tell me what you really think if its just you
and me etc, so no one knows
They will reveal it, say they don’t like Jews etc
Aversive resists would NOT admit this because they don’t feel that way
They wont say anything negative
May leak out through their behavior
Unconscious bias
That many of us may have
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