This repression leads to the development of many of the same
characteristics possessed by the authoritarian individual: ambivalence
toward parents, moralist, a need for definiteness, and dichotomization
(categorical, black or white thinking)
PROBLEMS WITH THE PSYCHODYNAMIC APPROACH:
Four main reasons for the decline of empirical interest in the theory
First, researchers became more and more critical of psychoanalytic
approaches to personality.
Prejudice may be result of an intolerant personality.
Second, methodological and other conceptual problems with the notion of
the authoritarian personality caused many researchers to conclude that the
approach was unsatisfactory under scientific standards.
Third, the theory only explained the presence of prejudice in a small subset
of the population and did not explain why many people who did not have an
authoritarian personality did show prejudice toward at least one other group.
Fourth, the authoritarian-personality perspective suggests that there is little
hope of changing an authoritarian individual to be more accepting of others.
RIGHT WING AUTHORITARIANISM:
Altemeyer found that three of these traits seemed to show a strong
relationship with each other.
These traits "attitudinal clusters" are authoritarian submission, authoritarian
aggression, and conventionalism,
Authoritarian submission indicates a strong degree of submission to
perceived legitimate authorities in one's society
Authoritarian aggression suggests a general aggression and hostility directed
toward out groups that is viewed as acceptable by recognized authorities.
Conventionalism is defined as a strong adherence to social norms and
traditions that are perceived as sanctioned by recognized authorities.
Altemeyer termed this constellation of attitudes right wing
Altemeyer has found that people who are identified as high RWAs, as
measured by Altemeyer's RWA scale tend to be conservative politically, wish
to restrict personal freedoms are more punitive toward criminals and tend to
hold more orthodox religious views
They are also very prejudiced toward their out groups.