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Lecture 5

PSYC12H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Startle Response, Social Dominance Orientation, In-Group Favoritism

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Michael Inzlicht

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(supplements textbook notes)
Police Officer's Dilemma
police officers need to make quick reactions and judgements
shoot/don't shoot personality types
police officers are more likely to shoot a Black man holding a non-gun than a White man
holding a non-gun
Adorno - submissive to authority, adhere to social norms, rigid thinkers
Freudian approach - strict disciplinarian parents, project deviant impulses to out-group
Altemeyer - submissive to authority, aggression towards outgroups, conventional thinking
politically consercative, equal oppurtunity bigots
Social Dominance Orientation (SDO)
preference for inequality among social groups
higher status groups are high in SDO
high SDOs want to maintain high status and show out-group derogation
low SDOs oppose group differences and reduce ingroup bias
Evaluate Priming Task
participants are primed with good and bad words and asked to evaluate whether it is good or bad
before the word, subjects are primed with personal pronouns (us, them)
reaction time for words paired with pronouns
What is the relationship between need for structure (need for closure) and stereotyping/prejudice?
people high in NFS stereotype me
Devine + Plant
hypothesis - people who are motivated externally will shift views in public vs private
people who are internally motivated will not shift
Startle Eyeblink Response
eyeblink is measured by electrode under the eye
negative emotion amplifies startle response
positive emotion inhibits startle response
measures automatic emotional response
Motivation to Control Prejudice
people low in internal motivation are prejudiced in private: explicit and implicit
people high in internal motivation are prejudiced when it shared to control
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