PSYC12H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Vagal Tone, Emotion Recognition, Emotional Expression

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9 Sep 2016
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Abilities to express, recognize and regulate emotions have profound effects on functioning in many areas of life. In this chapter we examine children"s emotional developments in three main areas: emotional expression, emotion recognition, and emotions regulation, with a final section on genetics of emotion in relation to the environment. Emotions are the first language of us all. Understanding emotions means understanding how emotional expressions enable infants to communicate with parents. Three theories of how such emotions emerge in the first years of life: differential emotions theory: Describes discrete or basic emotions such as job, sadness, anger, disgust, and fear as natural kinds based on hardwired systems that mature during development. Basic emotion a set of neural, expressive, and feeling components that occur automatically and unconsciously in response to a specific event. Can be modified through information processing mechanisms: differentiation theory: Idea that infants start out with 2 different emotion states negativity/ distress and positivity/ pleasure.

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