PSYC14H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Tim Hortons, Physical Culture, Situated Cognition

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5 Mar 2017
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Cognition and Perception
If…The…Pofiles--Meaningful Patterns of Variability
Michelle and Shoda analysed children's behaviour in social camp
Recording 167 hours if observation per child for one week
There were 5 situations that seemed important
o Peer tease
o Adult warn
o Peer approach
o Adult praise adult punish
Graph 1 child #28
o Consistent behaviour
o But somewhat in the middle
o The child isn't verbally aggressive
o When peer approaches the, there's a spike in verbal aggression
o Consistent outliers when a peer approaches
Graph 2 child #9
o Consistent
o But when warns them, act verbally aggressive
o Maybe want to challenge a authority figure?
o Its way outside of the norm
o If a peer approaches them (graph1) or adult warn them (graph 2), verbal aggressive. Called if
then profile
o Specific children, not all children act like this
o If then profile: if this happens than this behaviour occurs
Features of if-the pofiles iite uestios aout a peso’s ostual of situatios, otiatios,
goals, and expectations.
Cognitive Affective Units (CAUs)
Mediating factors that predict all human behaviour
Cognitions is the way we think; unit
Cognitive unit is a a thought
Affective unit is an emotion/feeling
CAU is a though or feeling that's happening in our minds, hearts that than predict our
behaviour
Can be categories contracts, beliefs, goal, emotions etc. a set of ideas
o Categories/Constructs
o Expectations and Beliefs
o Emotions
o Goals
o Competencies/Self-Regulatory Plans
If and then is only your behaviour. Its only your choice.
Cognitive-Affective Processing System (CAPS)
o This thought leads to that thought
o Can be excitory and activates it. Could also deactivate it
o Predicts behaviour
CAUs operate within an interconnected network...
to ultimately predict behaviour
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o Interconnectivity
Different pathways become activated in relation to features of the situations.
o Different behaviours
o Notice a lot of things about situation
o Attend to features that show up in your mind
o Different pathways become activated in the situation
o Can inhibit behaviour because of the contingency and stuff happening in your head
o If-then-profile: if this than that would happen
Specific situation
Activates certain things
Activates behaviours
o Introduce culture into the model
o Institutions and rights, practices
Ex. UTSC have to do course curriculum to graduate
With psychilaity of culture see podium and seating
Have things like exams
This is all part of the physical culture
part of it stems from culture and the ideas people hold
Such as personal agency
Might develop systems that elicit this, such as studying an passing exams and
getting a degree to become successful
Part of the value system
o All of these features of cultures lead to specific situations with specific features
o Elicits thoughts and feelings
o Starts with culture and gets smaller and smaller over time
Application:
o Sensitivity to Race-Based Relations
Dynamic that is based on particular experiences being more likely to occur to
members of a particular group
Psyhology of ioity goup ees ust e udestood ithi the goup’s o
context and historical background
o Strat with physical culture (back and forth with above)
Ex, segregated neighbourhoods and discrepancy in schools
Black family moves in and fear that property value will go down
High quality schools based in high incomes and low quality in low income
based on prejudice
o Leads to subjective culture
Stereotypical prejudice
o First one may lead to nominal situation
Situation may be unfair
Not get a promotion even though you worked the hardest
Leads to circle connecting the fact that they didn't get the job to the fact that this isn't
fair and society is unequal
o Will lead to things being activated and that the information you're going to attain to
o Will see this behaviour and behave differently. Therefore have a if then profile
Could self select and quit or not pout yourself out there
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May lead you to get contingency, develop a campaign and get support, will want to
change things
Applications of C-CAPS (EXAMPLE)
Nominal situation: arriving late to class
Physical culture: a classroom/ university setting/ have schedules
Subjective culture: being late is bad is because its disrespectful and means you don't value another
persons time
Nominal situation leads to features of situation: quiet/ lots of students/ no seats/ all eyes on you
This leads to the kinds of things you're thinking (the big circle--think CAUS's)
o Anxiety
o Fear
o Don't want attention to be drawn to you
This leads to the behaviour
To change the situation (from behaviour to nominal--own situation within myself- can start a
cultural shift but focus more on subjective culture for that-masses of people shift cultures) be on
time
To change the culture (behaviour to subjective culture-- change the whole situation) give a
presentation on why every should be late
Look at image. Number 3 on slides.
Example #29 (may not be the best examples because rules are usually followed in a culture)
Nominal situation [just a name for the situation]: strike
Physical culture: Tim Hortons at UTSC vs. Tim Hortons at St. George
Subjective culture: we value egalitarian values, humanity, and support for all people
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