PSYC14H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Acculturation, Starbucks, Culture Shock

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8 Apr 2017

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PSYC14 Lecture 9 Living in Multicultural Worlds March 31 2017
Missed slides 2-9
What’s i a ae?
Childre’s ae i a ultural fraeork ad ho it gies a idetit. There is a dualit to aes. “oe
people have an English Name and a Native Language Name. These names can make them behave
differetl i differet otets ad hae differet fraeorks for approahig life. Who’s alloed to all
me what? Family and relatives usually would call you by your native name while strangers, friends would
call you by your English name. If they swapped, it gives an odd feeling. The name and language has
something to do with how you act and it primes you in that way. Example: Professor is Vietnamese and
has an English Name and Vietnamese Name. When she is in a context where her English name is used,
she is more aggressive, outspoken, and outgoing. When she is in a context where her Vietnamese name
is used, she is docile and obedient.
Slide 10:
Acculturation can be seen as acquiring a culture. Two different processes.
Slide 11:
Two dimensions: attitudes toward host culture (ie.Canadian culture) and attitudes toward heritage culture
(Native country). Integration is when someone has a positive attitude toward their heritage culture and
host culture. Most of us in this dimension. These people are well-adjusted, can internalize and accept both
parts of the environment, problems, etc. They welcome both worlds. Separation has a positive attitude
toward the heritage culture but a negative attitude toward host culture. Exaple: Professor’s grada
never learned English or learned about the culture. She just stayed within her own community and talked
to her own people. She kept herself separate from the dominant culture. Assimilation has positive attitude
towards host culture but a negative attitude towards heritage culture. Example: some people change their
appearance to look more like their host culture ie. blond hair and blue eyes. There would be too much
friction between the cultures so they just keep to one side. Marginalisation has negative attitudes towards
oth host ulture ad heritage ulture. It’s like the hae o hoe ad do’t elog ahere. The
experience a lot of culture shock.
Slide 12:
Itegratio: I’ ot this or that ut a oiatio of oth. A leded identity. Positive attitude of both
host and heritage culture but it emerges in a different way. Alternation: going back and forth. Different
behaviours in different contexts. Synergy: Develop a new language. They have a nuanced way of
communicating and acting with each other. Hridizatio akes soethig e ulike additie. It’s
putting two things together.
Slide 13:
Many researchers talk about the same concept in different ways. “iilar to LaFraoise’s Alternation
concept: back and forth switch of cultures. Frame switching: at any given moment, people can make a
decision that may be implicit and not conscious, but you switch between cultures. The second culture is
added on top of the original culture.
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