PSYC14H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Infant Mortality, Acculturation, Enculturation

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Published on 10 Jan 2019
PSYC14: Cross-Cultural Social Psychology Clara Rebello
PSYC14 Lecture 1: Introduction
What do we mean by culture?
o UTSC has a different culture from that of UTSG
o Ethnicity
o Cult
o Language
o Music and food
o Tradition
o Lifestyle
o Belonging
o Diversity
o Customs and practices
o People
o Affiliation
o Community
o Identity
Few definitions of culture
o A way of life for a group of people in a certain setting and time
The behaviours, beliefs, values, and symbols that they accept, without thinking
about them, and that are passed along by communication and imitation
o Is cultivated behaviour
The totality of a person’s learned, accumulated experience which is socially
o Symbolic communication
o Sum of the learn behaviour of a group of people that are generally considered to be the
tradition of that people and are transmitted from generation to generation
o Collective programming of the mind
Distinguishes the members of one group or category of people from another
Commonalities among the definitions
o Humans interact with environments
Ecocultural components Culture is both constrained and shaped by a group’s
Culture is adaptive to the environment
Example: If infant mortality is high, it may be a cultural norm for parents to have
many children
People develop language, writing, tools, skills, abstract ideas, moral and
aesthetic standards, social patterns, norms, etc. in adapting to their ecosystem
o Culture consists of shared elements
Shared practices and shared meanings Can be seen as one set of defining
parameters, when specifying the limits of culture
Difficult to determine what boundaries in culture are Do two people born in
Toronto fundamentally share the same culture or are fundamentally different in
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