PSYC14: Cross-Cultural Social Psychology Clara Rebello
PSYC14 Lecture 3: Development and Socialization
• Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development
o Proposes 8 critical stages of
o There’s an evaluation/outcome in
o Stage 1
▪ Do my parents come to
comfort me when I cry?
o Stage 2
▪ Challenge of independence
o Stage 4
▪ Am I doing well in school?
o Stage 5
▪ Struggling to find out who you are
▪ Exploring different “identities” or phases
o Stage 7
▪ Mid-life crisis
o Stage 8
▪ Am I happy with how my life turned out?
▪ Am I full of regrets?
o A bit of an extreme model
▪ Describes either bad outcomes or good ones, nothing in between
• Erikson’s model is biased perspective towards the upper class and Western society
o Independence, uniqueness, industry are traits that are highly valued in Western culture,
and maybe not as much in interdependent cultures → Very ethnocentric
o Erikson created this model based on the observations of his three kids of an upper class,
o Rebellion isn’t found in collectivistic cultures
• Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive
o Preoperational stage
▪ Lots of creative
▪ Ability to reflect
on the past
o Like Erikson’s model, this
one is very culturally
Western family: rebellion isn"t found in collectivistic cultures, piaget"s stages of cognitive. Lots of creative play: ability to reflect on the past, like erikson"s model, this one is very culturally dependent. Clara rebello: kohlberg"s stages of moral development, seen as 6 stages or 3 levels, preconventional, people believe that what is moral is not punished, moral acts produces pleasure and rewards. I don"t want to get in trouble : conventional, more socially aware, the law, postconventional. The law says to not steal food, but my family is dying of starvation. I don"t want them to starve, so i might steal food to help them. Local enhancement: providing opportunities for child to learn and scaffold. Imitation: shortens amount of time to learn skills, abilities, etc. Instruction: teaching younger individuals; involves intersubjectivity: collaboration: learning interactively; also involves intersubjectivity. Instrumental conditioning: psychodynamic processes (emotional enculturation, attachment: learned coping mechanism, positive identification. Internalizing messages on how boys and girls should deal with emotions.