PSYC14H3 Lecture 3: Development and Socialization

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Published on 6 Feb 2019
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC14H3
Professor
PSYC14: Cross-Cultural Social Psychology Clara Rebello
PSYC14 Lecture 3: Development and Socialization
Erikson’s Stages of Psychosocial Development
o Proposes 8 critical stages of
subconscious dilemmas
o There’s an evaluation/outcome in
each stage
o Stage 1
Neonate-infancy
Do my parents come to
comfort me when I cry?
o Stage 2
Toddlerhood
Challenge of independence
o Stage 4
Am I doing well in school?
o Stage 5
Struggling to find out who you are
Exploring different “identities” or phases
o Stage 7
Mid-life crisis
o Stage 8
Am I happy with how my life turned out?
Am I full of regrets?
o A bit of an extreme model
Describes either bad outcomes or good ones, nothing in between
Erikson’s model is biased perspective towards the upper class and Western society
o Independence, uniqueness, industry are traits that are highly valued in Western culture,
and maybe not as much in interdependent cultures Very ethnocentric
o Erikson created this model based on the observations of his three kids of an upper class,
Western family
o Rebellion isn’t found in collectivistic cultures
Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive
Development
o Preoperational stage
Lots of creative
play
Ability to reflect
on the past
o Like Erikson’s model, this
one is very culturally
dependent
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Document Summary

Western family: rebellion isn"t found in collectivistic cultures, piaget"s stages of cognitive. Lots of creative play: ability to reflect on the past, like erikson"s model, this one is very culturally dependent. Clara rebello: kohlberg"s stages of moral development, seen as 6 stages or 3 levels, preconventional, people believe that what is moral is not punished, moral acts produces pleasure and rewards. I don"t want to get in trouble : conventional, more socially aware, the law, postconventional. The law says to not steal food, but my family is dying of starvation. I don"t want them to starve, so i might steal food to help them. Local enhancement: providing opportunities for child to learn and scaffold. Imitation: shortens amount of time to learn skills, abilities, etc. Instruction: teaching younger individuals; involves intersubjectivity: collaboration: learning interactively; also involves intersubjectivity. Instrumental conditioning: psychodynamic processes (emotional enculturation, attachment: learned coping mechanism, positive identification. Internalizing messages on how boys and girls should deal with emotions.

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