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Lecture 9

PSYC14H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Role Reversal, Ikea, International Business


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC14H3
Professor
Sisi Tran
Lecture
9

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LECTURE 9: Living in Multicultural Worlds
Changing Times
In today’s global world, it is common for people to
o Internalize more than one culture
o Speak more than one language
o Live in a multicultural community
o Have ties to individuals whose nationality is different
Our classroom are multicultural
Globalization
o Interaction and integration among people and institutions of different nations
o Information technology (e.g., Google)
Can interact with people from wide range of places and share ideas
o International business (e.g., IKEA)
Global Civilization
o Boundaries of a society are not defined spatially, but exists in terms of the connectedness between
people
If we share the same product or ideas, it manifests the way we live. So, if we have exposure
a lot of western ideas, our makeup looks western over time
Cross-cultural marriages and families
o When parents are from two distinctly different cultures,
Children are exposed to aspects of both cultures
They develop multicultural identities
Existence of multiple psycho-cultural systems of representations
Immigration
o Parents may continue to maintain cultural practices at home
o Peers & education system transmit beliefs/values of new culture
o Role reversal when children provide parents with info about ways of new culture
Hard on parents to surrender power in order to learn from children
i.e., Parents probably don’t speak a language, so they need the child to write a
formal letter to the government
Hard on children as cultural intermediaries, while still being socialized by parents
There must be some level of respect while being in a position of authority
Psychological Adjustment
Acquiring a new language
o Depends on your age. If you pass a time frame for phonetic development, one will struggle.
Learning new interpersonal and social behaviors
o Every country has different standards and norms (i.e., how do you walk on sidewalk? how big is you
bubble space? do you make eye contact?)
Becoming accustomed to new values
o Different set of value that one needs to learn navigate through that
o So much new cultural info can result in cultural shock

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Becoming a member of a minority group
Adjusting one’s self-concept
o Does your identity become more of the cultural of origin?
Experiences of Multiculturalism
Acculturating people have such varying experiences
People move to new countries for many reasons
o To be closer to family
o To seek fame and fortune
o To study abroad with intention of returning home
o Forced to leave as refugees; no choice
o Some move as young children b/c parents decided for them
People move to different kinds of environments
o Pseudo-Cultural Havens
Like China town or little Italy
o Homogenous Neighborhoods
Everyone is the same
Like minded people or religion
o Discriminating Environments
i.e., In white neighborhood and you are the only person of colour, so having to deal with
stigma or discrimination
o Expatriate Neighborhoods
All the people from there immigrated/ foreigner of the culture
People move to places with varying cultural distance (ex: moving from USA to Canada is a lot different
than moving from USA to Japan)
o From rural communities to urban centers
o From urban centers to rural communities
o Where language, religion, cultural practices are very similar
o Where language, religion, cultural practices are different
Multicultural Fusion
o Theatre share expertise of combining fine art of western artistic element with eastern ones
Play with multilingual concept with half is in English and remaining half is in 6 different
English languages
o Korean break dance
Breaking to traditional Korean music
o Yasmin
Administrator of large mosque
Unusual authority for a woman in the world of Islam
Promotes traditional Muslim value
In Netherlands, men and women pray together in the same mosque often segregated with
women praying in the back
Prayer in Dutch (so anyone can understand), not in Arabic and non-Muslims are welcomed
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