Class Notes (1,200,000)
CA (650,000)
UTSC (30,000)
Psychology (9,000)
PSYC18H3 (300)

PSYC18H3 Lecture Notes - Facial Feedback Hypothesis, Chocolate Cake, Gene Expression

Course Code
Gerald Cupchik

This preview shows pages 1-2. to view the full 7 pages of the document.
Hi all,
Here are some notes from one of our students in PSYC18. They have kindly donated
their notes so feel free to take a look!
For behaviourists emotions = cognition + arousal (which gives energy to focus).
Undifferentiated arousal not looking inside to see sadness or anger. It is just
a general arousal with no known cause.
You are moving along with some action plans and something stops it 
environment is giving information about situation.
How well do we read our body?
oArousal becomes a cue that wakes you up and tells you to analyse cues
around you. Cues orient you to trouble shooting, action plans, etc.
Magda Arnold
oPerception (noticing stimulus) appraisal (assessing event) emotion
(ready for action). This sequence occurs very quickly because emotions
are about survival.
Drive Reduction Model: you feel tension in uncertain situations after you get
over it (action), tension is reduced.
Nico Frijda
oSets the stage for emotional theories in Europe.
oEvent coding what is going on?
oFeeling of action tendency is emotions just like what behaviourists
Richard Lazarus
oIn his experimentintellectualization means provide distance from film
and think logically.
oHypothesis: Appraisal (how you see or approach film will determine your
emotional reactions).
oPrimary appraisal situational cues, good for me or bad for me?
oSecondary appraisal deal with and evaluate coping response 
If intellectualization or denial is given, you wont be affected as
much by the film found film less stressful.
If they focused on trauma, then negative emotional reactions
The way we look at situation determines our emotional reaction.

Only pages 1-2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Eponymy a phenomenon is associated with a person. That is, something is
named after you.
Emotions prepare us; tune us to our world evolution oriented analysis.
Oatley and Johnson-Laird
oBrain has organizing modules that communicates and is responsible for
our behaviour.
oIntrasystemic communication communication in my brain about action
and between two of us about action.
oIf you are a super planner or super coping person we have to be action
oriented and strategic. You think about arousal but not our happiness or
sadness. We bury our emotions.
Extroverts respond to rewards, they burn out quickly.
Introverts respond to fear of punishment. Slow and steady brain. Move at even
Social constructionist perspective:
oWe help to create situations around us.
oWe can be selfish and not think about being selfish.
oWe create meanings in our world and this meaning serves as a kind of
social regulation.
oPassion its happening to you and the world did it to you (more
oCultures have meanings and meanings shape our emotions.
oSome cultures emphasize some emotions and others don’t. The entire
culture can also have an emotion (social emotions). Emotions also play a
vital role in sustaining a culture.
oWe remember the passions (what YOU did to me) but not what we did to
set up the situation.
oActive vs. passive we actively create situation but we don’t realise it.
Passively, we know we are recipients of other person’s emotions.
oMaturation accepting responsibility.
oThis view focuses on social goals rather than personal goals.
Intentional emotions are planned but spontaneous emotions are immediate,
Social aspect to the emotion of fear/guilt depends on religion. For e.g. one
thing in one religion produces guilt but not in others.
Action guys are very Darwinian (more biologically determined) whereas
experience guys are about meaning of emotional experience.
Emotions are multilayered and they exist in time and have structure. Emotions
start early on in childhood.
The aesthetics of action theory:
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version