PSYC18H3 Lecture Notes - Wilhelm Dilthey, Apperception, Dasein
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Here are some notes from one of the students in PSYC18. They have kindly donated
their notes so feel free to take a look!
•Narrative accounts of life episodes structured events, events in life.
•Life episodes have action and meaning.
•Thought goes hand in hand with feelings.
•There is no cognition without feelings.
•Episode becomes meaningful when it’s placed in the context. Context can be
hidden or knowable.
•Psychology manifests (real) the latent (hidden) content.
•Mind cognition. Body feelings, emotions.
•Action thoughts/feelings, desire of feelings.
•Reaction things just going on.
•Emotional experiences are different from feelings.
•Emotions happen in episodes. Experiences can make times slow down or speed
•Acts of noticing:
oLived world we need to collect episodes and then interpreting it.
oPlane of observation
•Inductive open to the unexpected. Collection of facts.
•Deduction predicting things, expecting them and anticipating things.
•We remember events because they are emotionally tagged.
•Action orientation how we approach the world.
•Goethe and his approach
oVostellungsarten the ways of conceiving things, to bring many objects
into relationship that they did not have with each other, strictly speaking.
oKnown for writing about modern people.
oScholasticism learning a lot of facts but not understanding underlying
oWe are so wrapped up in our view point that we don’t pay attention to
other view points.
oZeitgeist intellectual view of the age.
oPhysics (including bio.) a.k.a Naturlehre (doctrine of nature) included
what is animate and inanimate.
oAtomize looking at the parts and not the whole. E.g. you are wearing a
new dress and someone says “oh, the sleeves are too long thought”.
oHomologies are parallel.
oGenetic means development.
oDynamic how different parts effect eachother.
oLanguage can hide things. It can mask or elucidate a phenomenon.
oDon’t make up a theory without real life examples.
oWe are all here in this class but each one of us is in a different reality.
oJust because an event occurs, it doesn’t tell us what it means you cant
oPluralistic multiple viewpoints.
oIrony it looks like something on the surface and something different in
a different situation. It is a constant reawakening.
oDynamic all kinds of forces has holistic qualities.
oDon’t distort the phenomenon. People have a right to their feelings and
should experience their emotions fully. (even if its sadness).
oYou do directed looking (you notice), then you are considerate, then you
reflect it and theorize it. Theorizing comes from observation.
oThere are two fundamental views in science:
Mechanistic something outside has an effect on you.
•Something external has a local (proximal) effect.
•Bodily mechanisms: ball hits body and you move or if you
are hungry and someone is eating, you salivate.
oGoethe looks at the whole and investigate combine its parts.
oGoethe believed that all advanced structures of a plant or animal are
transformations from a single fundamental organ little baby grows into
Self organization things/systems that are unfolding. (e.g. you
Ideal Type perfection of something. E.g. happiness or sadness.
oConscious experience is a whole thing. The while is dynamic and is
oBy breaking mind into tiny pieces, you are losing the whole picture.
oNatural science more mechanistic.
oHuman science search for yourself. Person in the word (part to the
•Essentializing define something by its properties.
•Behaviour is a function of person and environment. (B = F (P,E)) exactly what
Dilthey was saying.
•Lewin concerned with labelling isolated categories. He was the first one to
create events in psychology lab and recreate the essential features of that
•Expression letting emotions out. Sometimes you have to keep two emotions
separate. E.g. you focus on exam while you try to forget a fight with boy friend.
•Visceral activity decreases as emotional expression increases. E.g. if you show it
outside, you are calm inside.
•Understanding parts and situations, we can put back the whole together.
•We are in all of the three worlds ( Slide 5 lecture 3).
•We are thrown into different worlds, our lies and circumstances. We struggle in
•Life episodes are important things which have structure and emotional tag. Not
everything is a life episode.
•We are adapting to challenges of our world. E.g. moving to Canada.
•Facts are different from interpretation of facts (meanings of events).
•Consciousness things coming from outside or inside. Something we are aware
of and not others.
•You are one but you have multiple selves or different sides. If you aren’t happy
with one of you or self, it is just better to let it go sometimes.
•Actor-Observer effect we want to see ourselves as processes take
responsibility, change over time.
•Are we objects or processes?--> BOTH
•Static: that is how people treat you.
•Dynamic: that is how you treat yourself.
•You can be free and history if you are seeing yourself dynamically.
•Layers of Germans fell apart and then Hitler came as a “glue” to bind them.
•How do we handle problems when you are newly risen or fallen? we look
outside of ourselves.
•Explicit: (manifest) you know about.
•Implicit: (latent) hidden
•If we see ourselves as processes, we can be receptive to things.
•We should befriend ourselves, even historical layers. By doing this, we can come
over our “whole selves”.
•Life theme: Experience time slows down.
•Actions: surprise? E.g. dropping a bomb.
•Reactions: e.g. when someone says “I love you”- your reactions to that.
•What’s real? E.g. you taking car out of the garage and your car’s side mirror
•What’s true? E.g. bit more ambiguous. E.g. “your stupid, I love you”
Here are some notes from one of the students in psyc18. They have kindly donated their notes so feel free to take a look! Context can be hidden or knowable: psychology manifests (real) the latent (hidden) content, mind cognition. Body feelings, emotions: action thoughts/feelings, desire of feelings, reaction things just going on, emotional experiences are different from feelings, emotions happen in episodes. Experiences can make times slow down or speed up: acts of noticing, lived world we need to collect episodes and then interpreting it, plane of observation. Collection of facts: deduction predicting things, expecting them and anticipating things. E. g. you are wearing a new dress and someone says oh, the sleeves are too long thought : homologies are parallel, genetic means development, dynamic how different parts effect eachother, language can hide things. It is a constant reawakening: dynamic all kinds of forces has holistic qualities, don"t distort the phenomenon.