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PSYC18H3 (340)
Lecture

Lecture 5

4 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC18H3
Professor
Michelle Hilscher

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PSYC18 t 5
Does feedback from the face shape how we feel?
- Allport - Cues from our face help us know what we are feeling
- Tomkins t the face is important but not just negative emotions
o All about the face
o }v[o]À]v^µ(o]]vZ}uZ_
o Only the face shows our emotions
The face is the place for emotion (Tomkins)
- Newborns
o Parents tickle their cheeks and baby laughs t indicative that the face is more responsive
to stimulation
- Development of head movement, visual fixations, eye-hand coordination
o These develop before they sit up or walk around
o Development in head and face first
- Afferent-efferent channels
o More Between the face and the brain than for body parts and the brain
- Facial muscles, resistance to habituation
o People have instinctual responses (e.g. close eyes when ball thrown at you)
o Harder to prevent these responses than other bodily responses (e.g. not flinch when
getting an injection)
- Face is centre of expression
- Muscles in our face shape/cause what we feel
Ekman and Friesen
- Muscles in our (}v[µu}]}vµ}vZoµ}}uuµv]Z}ÁÁ(o
- High sending capacity t ability to transmit a lot of information very quickly
- Anatomical independence
o Brows and forehead can express different emotions than lips
- Low transmission time
o Facial displays evolve drastically and very quickly
o Micro momentary affect displays are permitted
o Face can change shape very quickly
Does expression represent actual emotion?
Schachter and wheeler
- Participants either given a shot of:
o epinephrine (adrenaline) t laugh more
o Chlorpromazine t laugh less
o Placebo
- Epinephrine laughed more but did not rate it more funny
Cupchik and leventhal
- Measured how much people are laughing and how they rate the funniness
- Listening to canned laughter boosts the laughter participants expressed
- &}uvUoµPZ]vPu}}v[uvZÇ(}µv]u}vvÇ
- But for women, if they laughed more, they found it funnier
o Women felt obliged to rate it funnier in the 70s?
o Women found the cartoons funnier?
o Women impacted by the canned laughter more?
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Description
PSYC18 J 5 Does feedback from the face shape how we feel? - Allport - Cues from our face help us know what we are feeling - Tomkins J the face is important but not just negative emotions o All about the face o }L[o]]L^o]Z]LZZ}K Z_ o Only the face shows our emotions The face is the place for emotion (Tomkins) - Newborns o Parents tickle their cheeks and baby laughs J indicative that the face is more responsive to stimulation - Development of head movement, visual fixations, eye-hand coordination o These develop before they sit up or walk around o Development in head and face first - Afferent-efferent channels o More Between the face and the brain than for body parts and the brain - Facial muscles, resistance to habituation o People have instinctual responses (e.g. close eyes when ball thrown at you) o Harder to prevent these responses than other bodily responses (e.g. not flinch when getting an injection) - Face is centre of expression - Muscles in our face shapecause what we feel Ekman and Friesen - Muscles in our }L[ ZK}]}LZ}LoZoZ} }KKL] Z}o - High sending capacity J ability to transmit a lot of information very quickly - Anatomical independence o Brows and forehead can express different emotions than lips - Low transmission time o Facial displays evolve drastically and very quickly o Micro momentary affect displays are permitted o Face can change shape very quickly Does expression represent actual emotion? Schachter and wheeler - Participants either given a shot of: o epinephrine (adrenaline) J laugh more o Chlorpromazine J laugh less o Placebo - Epinephrine laughed more but did not rate it more funny Cupchik and leventhal - Measured how much people are laughing and how they rate the funniness - Listening to canned laughter boosts the laughter participants expressed - }KL7o2Z]L2K}}ZL[KLZ}L]K}LL - But for women, if they laughed more, they found it funnier o Women felt obliged to rate it funnier in the 70s? o Women found the cartoons funnier? o Women impacted by the canned laughter more? www.notesolution.com
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