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Lecture 7

Lecture 7

3 Pages
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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC18H3
Professor
Michelle Hilscher

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PSYC18 t 7
v}lv}Ávu}(Z]o}}Z[vu]ooÇ]v(]îoµ
But no need to know names of researchers of studies/experiments
Just need to know what each study is about
Polarity of emotion and reason:
- People think if u feel u}]}vUÇ}µ[v}Z]vl]vP]}vooÇ
- /(µ[]}vovul]vPo}P]o]]}vUZvµuµv}(ou}]}v
- Can only be either emotional or rational
Lecture 1
Hippocrates
- Thinks emotions come from the brain not the heart
o But thinks the brain itself can be influenced by the body through the balance of
humours
o Imbalance of humours can cause you to be mentally and physically ill
o Unmotivated t too much phlegm
o Melancholic t too much black bile
o Irascible t too much yellow bile
- Different body parts relate to different expressions of emotions
o E.g. lungs active when you are angry
Lecture 2
Plato and Aristotle completely different when it comes to education
plato
- 3 parts to the soul: reason, passion, appetite
o Reasoning part is ideal
Is the part of the soul that lives on even as the body dies
o Passion and appetite are not ideal
They are part of the body and thus are corrupt
- Forms is another word for episteme or general knowledge
o Our reasoning soul carries our knowledge we have from our previous life
o Education reawakes what we already know from our previous life
o Sensory information is a waste of time that is corrupt and incorrect
It will only mislead you and distract you
You should only think so that rational thinking will reawaken your form
o There is no point in observing what is happening in this life, or e.g. listening to music
because sensory information only
Aristotle
- Instead of the soul, he calls it the psyche: nutritive, sensitive, rational
o Nutritive psyche of plants
o sensitive psyche of animals is only emotional and not rational
It is wild and has no control
What sets humans apart from animals is the rational psyche
- Scala naturae
o Reason is more complex than emotion
Emotion starts with animals but reasoning only starts with humans
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Description
PSYC18 J 7 L}lL}LKZ}Z]o}Z}Z[ZLKZZ ]oo]L]Zo Z But no need to know names of researchers of studiesexperiments Just need to know what each study is about Polarity of emotion and reason: - People think if u feel K}]}L7}[L}Z]Ll]L2]}Loo - []}LoLKl]L2o}2] o ]Z]}L7ZLKZL}oK}]}LZ - Can only be either emotional or rational Lecture 1 Hippocrates - Thinks emotions come from the brain not the heart o But thinks the brain itself can be influenced by the body through the balance of humours o Imbalance of humours can cause you to be mentally and physically ill o Unmotivated J too much phlegm o Melancholic J too much black bile o Irascible J too much yellow bile - Different body parts relate to different expressions of emotions o E.g. lungs active when you are angry Lecture 2 Plato and Aristotle completely different when it comes to education plato - 3 parts to the soul: reason, passion, appetite o Reasoning part is ideal Is the part of the soul that lives on even as the body dies o Passion and appetite
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