PSYC18H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Authoritarianism, Scholasticism
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Psychology of Emotion
24th January 2013
1. Adaptation- Darwin theme, how do we adapt to survive
2. Experience- experience related to the self
They represent two completely different world views.
Instinctual or Motivated Activity:
Self- Presevation Search for meaning
Adaptation is about self preservation and experiences has to do with the search for meaning.
Self preservation sets up the issue of action, adapting to your world and engaging in action
Reaction, you didn’t plan it and didn’t have to think about it.
Action is sequential plans structured layed out, while reaction you didn’t plan, didn’t think, it is based on
memories and past experiences.
What’s real What’s true
Whats real guides your actions, practical decisions that are terminating.
Whats true is an exhausted search, you are always adding more and more information and it never
comes to a real end
Individual- world of the private self
Private- we have border and boundaries around us. Experience inside and we show it outside.
Public- things that the outside world know about you. When we express our feelings it becomes public.
You experience stuff inside but are you expressing it
Inside one body..affected by the outside world..yet shaped by a personalexistence.
Are you showing how you feel inside
Adaption and Experience are both a two way street challenged and shaped by the outside world.. yet
interpreted in a personal way.
If you are hiding your feelings and emotions and not getting it out you are even hiding it from yourself.
Two Essential Complementarities
(1) Form of Knowledge
Objective Knowledge- supposedly about the external public world BUT actually reflects internal learned
conventions and standards. Trying to be public and objective. We call it objective and done
methodology, sent it to journals. BUT you learn internal ways of doing things, from people who trained
you. When you are doing research you are a member of a community that agreed to do something
using a certain way (using a test to measure anxiety, it is the standards that we learn to do the
experiment) Objective knowledge is an illusion, and it is predicated based on a subgroup of individuals.
They think that it is real but it isn’t proof. It is supposedly the truth, you are part of a subgroup who all
agree to look at something the same way.
Subjective Knowledge- supposedly about the internal private world BUT actually is projected onto the
imagined world out there. IT is about the internal world, but you see the emotion you have inside in the
(2) Modes of being in the world:
Lost in thought
Always looking back
Always replaying or rumination
Difficulty noticing or experiencing feelings
*these people can never sit and put their feet up, they are lost in action, always solving problems
Lost in Emotion or Feeling
Always looking for pleasure and excitement
Always overwhelmed by emotions and feelings
*these are the experience mode, lost in emotions, constantly thinking
We need to be able to shift from these actions and emotions. Don’t allow yourself to be trapped in one
of these. This all comes down to adaptation and experiences.
Thought requires feeling, you cant have emotion without thoughts
BUT- Lets Take A Look At The Big Picture
You cannot have thoughts without emotions
You also cannot have emotions without thoughts
The question is then..
What kind of thought processes go with what kind of feeling processes when it comes to Adaptation and
How do the mind and the body interact to shape adaptation and experience or the search of meaning
If we are emotionally oriented we are concerned with things about the self.
Cause and Effect Parts and Wholes
(Thought oriencted) (Feeling Oriented)
Adaptation Search for Meaning (experience)
Life themes: adaptation- darwin theme, how do we adapt to survive, experience- experience related to the self. Adaptation is about self preservation and experiences has to do with the search for meaning. Self preservation sets up the issue of action, adapting to your world and engaging in action. Reaction, you didn"t plan it and didn"t have to think about it. Action is sequential plans structured layed out, while reaction you didn"t plan, didn"t think, it is based on memories and past experiences. Whats real guides your actions, practical decisions that are terminating. Whats true is an exhausted search, you are always adding more and more information and it never comes to a real end. Private- we have border and boundaries around us. Public- things that the outside world know about you. When we express our feelings it becomes public. You experience stuff inside but are you expressing it. Inside one bodyaffected by the outside worldyet shaped by a personalexistence.