PSYC18H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Regression Analysis, Longitudinal Study, Dictator Game

60 views9 pages
Published on 12 Aug 2013
School
UTSC
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC18H3
PSYC18 Lecture 10 Prof’s Speech - Purple
Slide 3 Intimate Relationships
- Differences between intimate and non-intimate relationships?
- 6 domains to consider:
o 1. Knowledge:
secret-sharing, confidential information
able to trust intimate partner with this information
o 2. Caring:
affection, motivated by affiliation
motivated by need for physical contact
caring through affection can be done through words as well
o 3. Interdependence:
strong, enduring impact on each other
care about what the other person says and does
what the other person says and does impacts you
o 4. Mutuality:
We not you and I’”
Part of your identity is tied to that other person
Part of your identity is characterized by your relationship with the other person
o 5. Trust:
Etiquette no longer applies
Not going to be judged by other person for trivial things
Can tell other person about feelings without fear of judgement
o 6. Commitment:
Presumed partnership
Emotional & monetary investment follows that expectation
Emotional investment: how you feel without fear of them leaving
Monetary investment: house, car
Investments are a symbol that both are on the same page
Slide 6 Emotions that foster Intimacy
- Playfulness
o Couples who are playful with each other during arguments often have more peaceful
exchanges, and those who are happier in their marriage often will tease each other during
conflict
o Way of communicating that encourages intimacy
o Helps put things in perspective
When arguing, can remember the playful times
o Helps in being more satisfied with the relationship
- Compassionate love
o Compassion is not only important for couples, but for all types of social exchange. People
who report feeling higher degrees of compassion see more common humanity with
others, are more generous and cooperative, and they punish others less. How do you
think these findings can inform us about how compassion might be important in
romantic relationships?
o Those who feel more compassion feel that they have more in common with the rest of the
world
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 9 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
o Less likely to engage in negative behaviours
- Forgiveness
o Forgiveness is important for relieving stress in relationships lowers blood pressure. But
it’s not about simply forgetting what your partner has done, but actually realizing that
making mistakes is part of being human, and accepting this.
o Not holding onto grudges has physiological consequences
o Accepting that people make mistakes and not seeing them as spiteful
Slide 7 Tsang McCullough & Finchman (2006) Study on Forgiveness
- Research Question: How do different facets of forgiveness predict relationship well-being?
- 201 participants who had incurred interpersonal hurt at least 18 days prior to study
Participants had to report that their partner had hurt them in some way
- Participants completed the TRIM Transgressions Related Motivations Inventory
TRIM measures what it means to forgive someone
Slide 8 Forgiveness Measures
- Avoidance of transgressor
o Instead of dealing with problem, avoid person
o Maladaptive
o It is better to seek to talk and work out the problem
- Motivation to seek revenge
o Maladaptive
o Engagement in revenge doesn’t lead to solving problems, just to hurting each other more
- Benevolence (e.g. Even though her actions hurt me, I still have goodwill for her)
- Longitudinal study: 5 data collection time points:
o 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 weeks after transgression
Slide 9 Relationship Well-Being Measures
- Relationship closeness (how close you are to the person that hurt you right now) and commitment
(how committed you are to the person that hurt you right now)
- 5 data collection time points:
o 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9 weeks after transgression.
Slide 10 Results
- Lower levels of avoidance and revenge = higher levels of commitment and closeness
- Higher levels of benevolence = higher levels of commitment and closeness
- Did not consider the intensity of transgression
Slide 11 - Will You Be There For Me When Things Go Right? Supportive Responses to Positive Event
Disclosures
- Gable, Gonzaga & Strachman (2006). In Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
- For better or worse”… conventional focus on “for worse
- Important to be there in bad times - leads to relationship satisfaction
- Authors look at this in terms of event disclosures
- - How does partners response to negative/positive disclosures pertain to intimacy and overall
well-being?
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 9 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
- When romantic partners share in each other’s joys and express enthusiasm for each other’s
successes, this predicts relationship satisfaction several months later.
- Responses to negative events did not predict relationship well-being
Slide 12
- The Current Study
- Participants:
o 79 dating couples, University of California
o Minimum 6 months together, 43% cohabitating
o Heterosexual couples
- Basic procedure:
o 4 interactions
o Post hoc evaluations by the discloser
o Follow-up with couple in 2 months
o Looked at each partner’s evaluation of 4 interactions
Slide 13 The Interactions
- Each partner describes 1 positive & 1 negative event.
- Each person is discloser and responder twice.
o Each partner is discloser for each event and responder for each event
- 4 critical interactions
- What type of events qualify?
o Individual experiences
o Past, present, future
o Examples
Slide 14 The Post Hoc Evaluations
- Discloser evaluates responder after each interaction:
o How responsive the responder is when listening to event
- 1. Reiss (2003) Responsiveness scale
o Responsiveness scale how validated discloser felt when talking to partner about event
- How understood, validated, cared for discloser felt.
- Level of agreement with items such as:
o My partner saw the “real me”…
o My partner focused on the “best side” of me…
o My partner valued my abilities and opinions…
Slide 15 The Follow-up
- 2 months after study.
- Relationship Quality Measures:
- 1. How good is your relationship compared to most?
- 2. Commitment level
- 3. Desire for Affection
- = composite score computed Relationship Well-Being
Slide 16
- Regression Analysis
- Outcome variable: Relationship Well-Being 2 months later
- Predictor 1: Responsiveness to negative event
- Predictor 2: Responsiveness to positive event
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 9 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Knowledge: secret-sharing, confidential information able to trust intimate partner with this information: 2. Motivated by need for physical contact caring through affection can be done through words as well: 3. Interdependence: strong, enduring impact on each other care about what the other person says and does. What the other person says and does impacts you: 4. Part of your identity is tied to that other person. Part of your identity is characterized by your relationship with the other person: 5. Not going to be judged by other person for trivial things. Can tell other person about feelings without fear of judgement: 6. Emotional & monetary investment follows that expectation. Emotional investment: how you feel without fear of them leaving. Investments are a symbol that both are on the same page. When arguing, can remember the playful times: helps in being more satisfied with the relationship.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.