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Lecture 10

PSYC18H3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Motor Action F.C., Orgasm, Reality Principle


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC18H3
Professor
Gerald Cupchik
Lecture
10

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Psychology of Emotions - Lecture 10
1. Freud developed the Structural Model. The id:
a) Has two parts: the conscience and the ego ideal
b) Consists of personal drives and appears from birth. Its energy functions for instinctual
gratifications and operates according to the pleasure principle (achieve pleasure, avoid pain)
c) Has no energy of its own but acquires neutralized drive energy from the id
d) Energy is automatically discharged in motor action (eating, sexual orgasm, etc.)
2. The ego:
a) Has two parts: the conscience and the ego ideal
b) Consists of personal drives and appears from birth. Its energy functions for instinctual
gratifications and operates according to the pleasure principle (achieve pleasure, avoid pain)
c) Has no energy of its own but acquires neutralized drive energy from the id
d) Energy is automatically discharged in motor action (eating, sexual orgasm, etc.)
3. The superego:
a) Has two parts: the conscience and the ego ideal
b) Consists of personal drives and appears from birth. Its energy functions for instinctual
gratifications and operates according to the pleasure principle (achieve pleasure, avoid pain)
c) Has no energy of its own but acquires neutralized drive energy from the id
d) Energy is automatically discharged in motor action (eating, sexual orgasm, etc.)
4. Reflex Action:
a) Energy is used to produce an image of the instinctual object. It does not distinguish between
subjective imagery and objective reality. The image is a memory of past gratification.
b) Drive reaches threshold - delay of discharge - detoured searching - satisfaction
c) Ideas charged with affect are repressed and the idea and affect are separated
d) Energy is automatically discharged in motor action
5. Wish fullfilment:
a) Energy is used to produce an image of the instinctual object. It does not distinguish between
subjective imagery and objective reality. The image is a memory of past gratification.
b) Drive reaches threshold - delay of discharge - detoured searching - satisfaction
c) Ideas charged with affect are repressed and the idea and affect are separated
d) Energy is automatically discharged in motor action
6. Which of the following is false about the ego?
a) It operates according to the reality principle which is the ability to distinguish between stimuli
of the outer world and id impulses from the inner world
b) It emerges to satisfy needs of the id upon frustration of the id by the environment
c) It represents a kind of executive function that mediates between the id and the environment
d) All of the above is true
7. Which of the following is false about the superego?
a) There is a change from external to internal source of moral demands and self regulation

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b) It exists in the form of spoken word (we internalize our parent's superegos)
c) It is shaped by identification with family and others
d) All of the above is true
8. Which of the following is false?
a) All behaviour has both id and ego - energy and direction
b) The context of emotions is less varied than the context of instincts
c) Energy becomes attached to memory images but we cannot readily access these early
memories
d) All of the above is true
9. While emotional experience is often situationally and perceptually cued, its meaning comes
from individual interpretations of and reactions to _______. But the energy comes from ______.
a) Energy; Behaviour
b) Situations; Childhood memories
c) Energy; Situations
d) Behaviour; Situations
10. All emotions are alike in terms of:
a) Feelings
b) Memories
c) Energy
d) All of the above
11. Which of the following does not belong to the three groups of emotions?
a) Reflective emotions are directed back toward the self (pride, guilt)
b) Relational emotions point to something outside the self (love, hate)
c) Fear expresses felt danger with no identifiable directionality
d) Anxiety expresses felt danger with no identifiable directionality
12. Virtually every relationship will have been accompanied by both pleasure and pain.
a) Relationship Reciprocity
b) Theory of Ambivalence
c) Love-Hate Relationship
d) Human Dependency
13. ______ can develop in response to affection; ______ can develop in response to indifference.
a) Affection; Longing
b) Love; Hostility
c) Longing; Affection
d) Hostility; Love
14. _________ plays a crucial role in relational emotions; ________ plays an important role in
reflective emotions.
a) Love; Pride
b) Hate; Guilt
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